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Bidding Information
Lot #    22032
Auction End Date    11/18/2008 12:09:30 PM (mm/dd/yyyy)
          
Title Information
Title (English)    Urah Shah; Perush R. Eliezer on Sefer Yezirah
Title (Hebrew)    עורה שחר - פירוש הר'א מגרמיזא על ספר יצירה
Author    R. Nathan Nata Landau; R. Eleazar ben Judah of Wor
City    Przemysl
Publisher    Zupnik & Knoller
Publication Date    1882; 1883
          
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
          
Description Information
Physical
Description
   only edition. [12], 60; 21; 22, 8, 17, [3] ff. folio 315:200 mm., wide margins, light age staining. Very good copies bound in later boards, rubbed.
          
Detailed
Description
   Two independent works, the second in two parts. The first title, of which this is the only eidition, are Talmudic novellae by R. Nathan Nata ben Moses David ha-Levi Landau, (d. 1907), Hungarian rabbi. Landau was a dayyan in Bardejov (Hg. Bártfa) and subsequently the rabbi and head of the bet din of Oswiecim. He is frequently mentioned in the responsa Beit Naftali (1899) of R. Naphtali Schwartz (5, 6, 31, et al.), and in the Ya'aneh be-Kol (1903) edited by R. Joseph Schwartz. An opinion of Landau's appears in the Sharvit ha-Zahav (1912) of Shabbetai Lipschutz. He was succeeded at Oswiecim by his son Eliezer. Landau devoted himself to the methodology of the Talmud, on which he published two works (both arranged alphabetically): Urah Shahar (1882) and Kemo ha-Shahar (1904). His acumen and mastery of talmudic learning were evidenced in his Kenaf Ra'anannah, responsa (3 vols., 1886–99), Kerem Nata (1895), novellae on tractate Sotah (1895), and Levanon Tov (1901) on Niddah.

The second work is the Perush R. Eliezer on Sefer Yezirah. R. Eleazar ben Judah of Worms was a scholar in the fields of halakhah, theology, and exegesis in medieval Germany. Eleazar was the last major scholar of the Hasidei Ashkenaz movement. Born in Mainz, he traveled and studied in many of the centers of learning in Germany and northern France. He spent most of his life in Worms. Eleazar was a member of the Kalonymus family, one of the most important German-Jewish families of that period. His father R. Judah b. Kalonymus, one of the leading scholars of his generation, taught his son both halakhah and esoteric theology. R. Judah b. Samuel, he-Hasid ("the Pious"), the leading figure in the Hasidei Ashkenaz movement, to whom Eleazar was related, was, however, his main teacher in the latter field and R. Moses ha-Kohen and R. Eliezer of Metz were his most prominent teachers in halakhah. Eleazar witnessed and suffered personally from the new outburst of persecution of the Jews by the Crusaders at the end of the 12th and the beginning of the 13th century. On a number of occasions in his commentary on the prayers, one of his major works, he noted the events that befell Worms, especially during the persecutions that followed the fall of Jerusalem to Saladin. In one of these persecutions, Eleazar's wife, daughter, and son were murdered, and he was severely injured. Eleazar's halakhic book Sefer ha-Roke'ah (Fano, 1505; reissued several times) followed the tradition of halakhic works of the tosafists of northern France and Germany. The book was intended to educate the common reader in the details of halakhic law. His major theological work was Sodei Razayya ("Secrets of Secrets"). Four parts of this work were printed, although most of what is extant is found only in manuscripts. The first part, a study of the creation (Sod Ma'aseh Bereshit), describes how the earth, stars, elements, etc., were created. Eleazar wrote this part of his work as an exegesis based on the 22 letters of the Hebrew alphabet. This was in accordance with his belief (derived from Sefer Yezirah) that the alphabet, the word of God, was the source of existence. Eleazar included in this part ancient material from the Heikhalot and Merkabah literature especially the Baraita de-Ma'aseh Bereshit and Shi'ur Komah. Appended to this work,without a title page, is Derekh Edosekhah on Joshua and Bereshit.

          
Paragraph 2    זה חלק אחד מקובץ ... הערות ... בסוגיות הלכות ואגדות ... אשר סדרתי ([בסדר א"ב], אמונה - תכלת) ... אנכי ... נתן נטע סג"ל לאנדא מ"ץ מברדיוב. וכעת ... יושב בבהמ"ד דחברה קובע עתים לתורה פה טארנא ... בן ... מוה' משה דוד סג"ל לאנדא זצלה"ה.

דף [10-3,א]: זרע גד (הקדמה באגדה נאה לדרוש בשמחת תורה לחבר ולקשר סיום התורה בתחילתה). דף [10,א-12,א]: "איגרת יחוסנו אשר סידר ... מ' נתן נטע (סג"ל לאנדא ז"ל שהי' רב באושפצין)... עד מהר"ל מפראג ... והילך המגילת יוחסין מספר מט"מ (מטה משה על התורה) שחיבר ... מ' משה כ"ץ ז"ל ...ונספח אליו מגילת יוחסין מבנו הרב מהר"י [חתנו ר' יצחק כ"ץ], אשר הועתק בפראג ע"י הרב מ' מאיר פערילש... ונדפס בזאלקאווא בשנת תק"ה". עי' כ"ץ, משה בן ישעיהו הכהן. "תיקונים והערות" לספר, פרסם המחבר בספרו כנף רננה, חלק א.

הסכמות: ר' שמעון בה"ג מהרמ"ס [ר' משה סופר], מקראקא, וויען, ו צו תרמ"ב; ר' יצחק שמעלקעס, פרעמישלא, ג משפטים תרמ"ב (עם הערה); ר' שלמה הלברשטאם, ווישניצא (עם הערה); ר' אברהם יהודה הכהן שווארץ, מאד, ח אדר תרמ"ב; ר' יקותיאל יהודה ט"ב [טייטלבוים], (סיגוט. עם הערה); ר' מנחם מענדל פאנעט, דעש, ד תרומה תרמ"ב (עם הערה).

          
Reference
Description
   BE ayin 299; EJ; CD-EPI 0178456
        
Associated Images
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Listing Classification
Period
19th Century:    Checked
  
Location
Russia-Poland:    Checked
  
Subject
Novellae:    Checked
  
Characteristic
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
  
Manuscript Type
  
Kind of Judaica