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Bidding Information
Lot #    22042
Auction End Date    11/18/2008 12:14:30 PM (mm/dd/yyyy)
          
Title Information
Title (English)    Chronicle of the Siedlce Pogrom in 1906
Title (Hebrew)    מגילת פרעות שדליץ בשנת 1906
Author    [Signed Copy] Isaac Kaspi
City    Tel Aviv
Publisher    [Defus Y. Shlomi]
Publication Date    1947
          
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
          
Description Information
Physical
Description
   Only edition. 43, [1] pp. illus., 240:160 mm., light age staining, wide margins, hand ontitle. A very good copy bound in the original wrappers.
          
Paragraph 1    With the author's autograph.
          
Detailed
Description
   The story of the pogrom in Siedlce of 1906. News articles at the time reported that the soldiers said their orders were to kill Jews.

Siedlce, city in E. Poland. Jews lived there from the middle of the 16th century, occupied as innkeepers, and later also as craftsmen and merchants. In 1794 a Jewish school and the house of the rabbi were built there; the Jewish cemetery was enlarged in 1798. In the 18th century there was a small Jewish hospital; a larger one was erected in 1890. The most noted rabbis of Siedlce in the middle of the 18th century were R. Meir, author of Netiv Meir, and Israel Meisels (officiated 1858–67) son of R. Dov Berush Meisels . In the second part of the 18th century the rabbis of Siedlce visited Warsaw where they carried out religious functions for Jews living there illegally. A group for the study of the Torah and Talmud was founded in Siedlce in 1839, and at the end of the 19th century a Bikkur Ḥolim society was established. During World War I a Jewish high school was opened. Yiddish periodicals published in Siedlce included the Shedletser Vokhnblat, which Abraham Gilbert began to produce in 1911. Jacob Tenenboim, who between the two world wars edited the weekly Dos Shedletser Lebn with Joshua Goldberg, also collaborated with Gilbert.

The Bund started activities in Siedlce around 1900. At first the Polish Socialist Party also had a great influence among the Jews in Siedlce, but Zionism won the greatest adherence, though all shades of Jewish political parties were active.

In 1906 the czarist Okhrana (secret police) organized a pogrom against the Jews of Siedlce in which 26 Jews were killed and many injured. In 1920 Siedlce was occupied by the Red Army, and after its recapture by the Poles antisemitic excesses occurred. The Jewish population numbered 3,727 (71.5% of the total) in 1839; 4,359 (65%) in 1841; 5,153 (67.5%) in 1858:8,156 (64%) in 1878; and 14,685 (47.9%) in 1921.

          
Paragraph 2    בשנת 1906, [מאת] יצחק כספי...

עמ' [7-5]: הקדמה, מאת א. הרטגלס.

          
Reference
Description
   LONDON TIMES -- NEW YORK TIMES.September 12, 1906; EJ; CD-EPI 141312
        
Associated Images
2 Images (Click thumbnail to view full size image):
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  1   Click to view full size  
  
  2   Click to view full size  
  
  
Listing Classification
Period
20th Century:    Checked
  
Location
Israel:    Checked
  
Subject
History:    Checked
  
Characteristic
Autographed:    Checked
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
  
Manuscript Type
  
Kind of Judaica