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Letter by R. Elijah David Rabinowitz (ADe-Re-T)
כתב מה'ר אלי' דוד ראבינאוויץ (אדר'ת)
This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
 p., 228:145 mm., light age staining, creased on folds, ink on paper, signed by the Rabbi and three others, stamped, dated.
R. Elijah David Rabinowitz (ADe-Re-T; 1842/43–1905), Ashkenazi chief rabbi of Jerusalem. R. Elijah David was born in Pikeln, Lithuania. His father R. Benjamin Rabinowitz, who was rabbi of Zamosc and later of Wilkomierz, was called "Benjamin the righteous" because of his great piety; it was said that he never slept the night through and never ate a meal before completing the study of a tractate. As R. Elijah David was a twin, his brother being R. Zevi Judah, the name Teomim ("twins") was added to the family surname. R. Elijah David was known from his youth as an unusual genius and in 1874 was chosen rabbi of the community of Ponevezh. In 1893 he was appointed rabbi of Mir which, though smaller than Ponevezh, was renowned for its large yeshivah. His decision to move to Mir started a controversy, and the leaders of Ponevezh sent "an open letter" to Mir asking that their rabbi be "freed," but the appeal was ignored. His period at Mir was regarded as the creative period of his life. There he published the most notable of his works, as well as articles which appeared in many periodicals - Ha Tevunah, Ha-Me'assef, Kevod ha-Levanon, Ha-Zofeh, Ha-Maggid, Keneset Hakhmei Yisrael, Ittur Soferim, Keneset ha-Gedolah, etc. In Mir he wrote no less than a hundred works, especially notes and glosses to the Talmud, Maimonides' Mishneh Torah, the Tur of R. Jacob b. Asher, the Shulhan Arukh, and responsa. His novellae and glosses on the Jerusalem Talmud entitled Tuv Yerushalayim appeared in the Romm-Vilna edition (1922) and those on the Tur Hoshen Mishpat entitled Et Devar ha-Mishpat in the El ha-Mekorot (1959) edition of the Turim. His extraordinary erudition is discernible in his novellae and notes, and his great knowledge of historical matters from his correspondence on these subjects.
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