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Bidding Information
Lot #    24568
Auction End Date    9/22/2009 10:14:30 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
          
Title Information
Title (English)    Elijah Mizrahi
Title (Hebrew)    אלי' מזרחי
Author    R. Elijah Mizrahi
City    Amsterdam
Publisher    Solomon Proophs
Publication Date    1718
          
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
          
Description Information
Physical
Description
   [1], 241 ff., 315:204 mm., usual light age and damp staining, wide margins, old hands on title. A very good copy bound in contemporary calf on wood boards, tooled in blind, lacking spine and clasps.
          
Detailed
Description
   Super-commentary to the commentary of Rashi on Torah by the rabbinical authority and perhaps greatest of the rabbis of the Ottoman Empire of his time. R. Mizrahi was of Romaniot origin (the original Turkish Jews as distinct from the Spanish exiles) and was born and educated in Constantinople. Among his teachers he mentions R. Elijah ha-Levi in rabbinic studies and Mordecai Comitiano in general studies. Until the death of R. Moses Capsali, R. Mizrahi devoted himself to study and public instruction. As early as 1475 he is mentioned as heading a keneset (probably a school in addition to a synagogue) and as having students. After the death of R. Capsali in 1498 R. Mizrahi became the foremost rabbinical authority in Constantinople and in fact throughout the whole Ottoman Empire. From far and near, problems of halakhah and procedure were addressed to him. There is reason to believe that he filled the position of head of the rabbis of Constantinople (though he did not have the title of hakham bashi, appointed by the sultan, since that office did not exist at that period). Nevertheless, it would seem that his authority derived not from any official position, but from the recognition of his personality and strength. He was considered both by his contemporaries and later generations as the greatest posek of his time in Turkey. He was firm and unbending in his decisions, and even the great rabbis among the Spanish exiles accepted his authority.
          
Paragraph 2    הסכמות: ר' שלמה ב"ר יעקב אאיליון, אמשטרדם, ג טבת תע"ח; ר' אברהם ב"ר יודא [ברלין], אמשטרדם, ה טבת תע"ח; ר' יעקב [ב"ר בנימין] הכהן [פאפירש], פרנקפורט דמיין, יט תמוז תע"ח; ר' יחזקאל ב"ר אברהם מבית קצנאלנבוגין, אלטונא והמבורג וואנזבק, יד מנחם[-אב] תע"ח.
          
Reference
Description
   CD-EPI 0147447; EJ
        
Associated Images
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Listing Classification
Period
  
18th Century:    Checked
  
Location
Holland:    Checked
  
Subject
Bible:    Checked
  
Characteristic
Bindings:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
  
Manuscript Type
  
Kind of Judaica