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Bidding Information
Lot #    24574
Auction End Date    9/22/2009 10:17:30 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Iggrot Musar; Ayyelet Ahavim
Title (Hebrew)    אגרות מוסר; אילת אהבים
Author    [R. Judah Leib Margolioth]; R. Solomon Oliveyra
City    Frankfort on the Oder; Vienna
Publisher    Elsaner; Georg Holzinger
Publication Date    1800; 1818
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   First edition of initial work. 17; 55 ff. octavo 155:195 mm., light age and damp staining, trimmed. A good copy loose in later boards.
   Two independent works bound together. The first work, Iggrot Musar, is the first edition of this ethical treatise, here with Hebrew and Judeo-German text. Although the author’s name is not given on the title page the publisher, in his forward, identifies him as an av bet din and rosh mesivtah and notes that it has been ascribed to R. Judah Leib Marguliot. R. Margolioth, a grandson of R. Mordecai Jaffe; died at Frankfort-on-the-Oder June 14, 1811. He was successively rabbi at Busnow, Szebrszyn, Polotsk, Lesla, and Frankfort-on-the-Oder, and wrote the following works: "Korban Reshit," responsa and discussions on Rosh ha-Shanah (Frankfort-on-the-Oder, 1778); "Peri Tevu'ah," responsa (parts i. and ii., Novidvor, 1796; parts iii. and iv. are still in manuscript); "Tal Orot," treatises on the essence of the soul, on immortality, etc. (Frankfort-on-the-Oder, 1751); "Or 'Olam," treatises on natural philosophy, to which is appended Rav Saadia Gaon's commentary on Canticles (ib. 1777); "Bet Middot," on ethics, in prose and verse (Dyhernfurth, 1778); "'Aze 'Eden," homilies on belief, philosophy, pride, and humility, with a criticism of Mendelssohn's "Jerusalem" (ib. 1802); "Amirah Ne'imah," on the Haggadah and the Pentateuch (in manuscript); "Iggeret ha-Meliẓah," on style (Novidvor, 1794); "Sefer Tov ve-Yafeh," collection of poems on dogmatic, grammatical, and liturgical subjects (Frankfort-on-the-Oder, 1770). He was probably the first Judæo-Polish author to write on natural philosophy.

The second work is Ayyelet Ahavim by R. Solomon Oliveyra. It is a rhetorical and poetic treatise on the Akedah (sacrifice of Isaac) by R. Solomon ben David de Oliveyra, (d. 1708). Oliveyra was a scholar, professor, and poet, as well as serving as a hokham of the Sephardic congregation of Amsterdam. He was among the adherent of Shabbatai Zevi in Amsterdam, composing liturgical verse in his behalf. Ayyelet Ahavim, Oliveyra’s magnum opus, is written in prose and poetry. Its title is from “A loving hind (ayyelet ahavim) inspiring favor” (Proverbs 5:19). Oliveyra’s introduction follows (2a-b) in which he states that he does not wish to delve into deep explanations nor to go up to the heights of discourse, but rather his heart wishes to speak of the greatness of that “righteous man, who quarried the fetters of love, of that which he formed יצורו for the love of the One Who formed him יוצרו.” de Oliveyra intent is to investigate this holy and wondrous deed. Among the several reasons that he entitled this work Ayyelet Ahavim is that it is on the love of Abraham and his soul for God “As the hart longs for water streams” (cf. Psalms 42:2).

Paragraph 2    אין גוטן אונד ריינן טייטש צו גלייך איבר זעצט אין לשון הקודש ... מוסבות בשם אגרות מוסר. נחלקות לשני אגרות ... על ידי המדפיס ... צבי הירש בר"מ [בן ר' מאיר באשוויץ] ...

דף [א, ב]: הקדמת המדפיס: "אלה דברי האגרות ... מחכם אחד ... אב"ד ור"מ באחת מקהלות ישורון, והוא ... לא ראה להביא שמו ושם עירו ... על הספר, לטעם ידוע אליו ... וגודל התועלת לילדי בני עמינו ללמדם צחות ומליצה בלשון הקודש ... ומה גם שיגעתי בו להקל את הלשון בכמה מקומות ... ועשיתי לו איזה מגדנות למטה בגליון". פ' מייחס את הספר לר' יהודה ליב מרגליות (תק"ז-תקע"א), שהיה אב"ד פראנקפורט דאודר.

   BE alef 430, 1626; JE; Heller, 17th Cent. book; Zinberg VIII 216-18; CD-EPI 0108999
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Listing Classification
19th Century:    Checked
Germany:    Checked
Other:    Ethics
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew, Judeo-German
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica