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Bidding Information
Lot #    24587
Auction End Date    9/22/2009 10:24:00 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Pi ha-Be’er
Title (Hebrew)    פי הבאר
Author    [Only Ed.] R. Isaac ben Joseph Shrem
City    Jerusalem - Aleppo
Publication Date    1908
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   Only edition. [2], 2-203 ff. octavo 220:140 mm., wide margins, usual age staining. A very good copy bound in contemporary half leather and marbled paper over boards, rubbed.
   Only edition of this super-commentary on R. Elijah Mizrahi by R. Isaac ben Joseph Shrem. Pi ha-Be’er was brought to press by R. Shrem’s son, R. Joseph Shrem, who provides an introduction on the verso of the title page. The text, detailed and comprehensive, is in a single column in rabbinic letters.

R. Isaac ben Joseph Shrem (1860-1909), who was born in Aram Zova, was already recognized from his youth for his prodigious learning, both day and night, and his mastery of the depths of Talmud and poskim. After much accomplishment in niglah, R. Shrem turned to Kabbalah. He went up to Jerusalem in 1896 and from them on prayed with the Kahal Hassidim in Bet El. Among the dayyan of the city, R. Shrem was none for his great modesty, work on behalf of the community, and for founding yeshivot.

R. Elijah ben Abraham Mizrahi (Mizrahi, c. 1450B1526) was the author of a classic super-commentary on Rashi, which was, in turn, the subject of many additional commentaries. R. Mizrahi was a great talmudist and halakhic decisor. He succeeded R. Moses Capsali (1420B1496/97) as the leading rabbinic authority of the Ottoman Empire, although he did not have the formal title hakham bashi. R. Mizrahi was a student of R. Elijah ha-Levi and R. Judah Mintz of Padua (c. 1408B1506) and, until the death of R. Capsali, concentrated on rabbinic studies and teaching. It is reported that, like R. Capsali before him, he had a seat, assigned by the sultan, on the divan beside the mufti and above the Christian patriarch. R. Elijah Mizrahi=s scholarship was widely recognized, so that he was accepted as a halakhic authority and as the greatest posek in the Ottoman Empire. A Byzantine (Romaniot) Jew, that is, a descendant of the Greek Jews long resident in the area, rather than a Sephardic Jew, Mizrahi insisted upon the preservation of the customs of the older community, as opposed to their replacement with the culture of the Jewish refugees from Spain. Nevertheless, he worked tirelessly on behalf of the refugees, writing in one responsa that he neglected his duties as a dayyan and rosh yeshiva because of these activities. Although opposed to intermarriage between Karaites and Rabbinic Jews, Mizrahi permitted them to be instructed in Talmud in order to draw them closer to rabbinic Judaism. Mizrahi was also conversant with secular sciences, particularly mathematics and astronomy, which he studied under Mordecai ben Eliezer Comtino, (1420Bd. before 1487).

Paragraph 2    פירוש על דברי ... הרא"ם [ר' אליהו מזרחי] ז"ל עה"ת [על התורה], שחיבר רבי ... יצחק שרים זלה"ה ... נאום בנו המביא לבה"ד יוסף שרים.

מתוך הקדמת בן המחבר: נכדי ... הבחור ... חיים ... טרח והשתדל וסייעני בהדפסת הספר הזה ... אפריין נמטייא למע' ... יום טוב ידיד הלוי הי"ו שטרח ויגע ... בהגהת הספר.

   BE peh 141; Heller, 16th Cent.; Vanunu, Arzei Levanon 3:1240; CD-EPI 0171814
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Listing Classification
20th Century:    Checked
Israel:    Checked
Other:    Syria
Bible:    Checked
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica