R. Mordecai b. Isachar Dov Rokeah (1903-1950), admor of Bilgoraj. He was the son of the Admor of Belz by his second wife. In 1927 he became admor of Bilgoraj. After escaping the Nazis he settled in Erez Israel wher he passed on at the age of 47. His only son R. Issachar Dov is the Admor of Belz.
R. Hayyim Judah Leib Auerbach (1888--1954), rabbinic scholar, rosh yeshiva, and kabbalist. He was born in Jaffa and educated in the Erez Israel institutions. R. Auerbach was ordained by R. Hayyim Belin and kabbalah from R. Simeon Zevi Horowitz with whom he founded the Yeshiva Shaar Hashumayim for the study of kabbalah, all at he age of 20. An erudite scholar he was close to R. Joseph Hayyim Sonnenfeld and R. Abraham Isaac Kook. He wrote Hakhah Lev (Jerusalem 1927), a halakhic work on the Even Ezer. His son is R. Solomon Zalman Auerbach and his daughter married R. Shalom Schwadran.
R. Ya'acov Moshe Charlap, (1883–1951), Erez Israel rabbi, was born in Jerusalem, where his father, who had immigrated from Poland, was a dayyan in the bet din of R. Moses Joshua Judah Leib Diskin. His main teacher was the Jerusalem scholar, R. Zevi Michael Shapira and under his influence R. Charlap engaged in Kabbalah and practiced asceticism. After R. Shapira's death, he published Zevi la-Zaddik (1907), in his memory, and arranged his writings for publication, publishing his halakhic work Ziz ha-Kodesh (two parts, 1920–1951) with his own additions. When R. A. I. Kook arrived in Erez Israel in 1904, R. Charlap immediately came under his influence, and a bond of unusual intimacy developed between them which was strengthened by their common interest in Kabbalah and their leaning toward mysticism and poetic meditation. R. Charlap was particularly attracted by R. Kook's thought which stressed the special role of the Jewish people as a whole, the sanctity of the land of Israel, and the Zionist movement and its upbuilding of Erez Israel—a first stage in the future messianic redemption. When in 1908 the Sha'arei Hesed district of Jerusalem was established outside the Old City, he was appointed its rabbi. In 1912 he was appointed to the Ez Hayyim yeshiva. In 1918 he was one of the chief speakers at the meeting of the rabbis of Jerusalem with Chaim Weizmann demanding that the Zionist movement confine itself to the political field, but he refused Weizmann's offer that he undertake the conduct of religious affairs in the yishuv. When the Merkaz ha-Rav yeshivah was founded in Jerusalem by Kook, R. Charlap was invited to serve as head of the yeshivah and he continued in this post until his death. After the death of R. Kook in 1935, many expected R. Charlap to be chosen as chief rabbi, and in any case he was later regarded by many as his natural successor. R. Charlap never left Erez Israel during his life and regarded it as a merit "that I never departed from holy confines and never [breathed] the air [or trod the] ground of the land of the gentiles."
R. Isur Zalman Meltzer (1870–1953), talmudic scholar and yeshiva head was born in Lithuania. He studied in Volozhin under R. Hayyim Soloveichik and R. Naphtali Zevi Judah Berlin, and later under the Hafez Hayyim in Radin. All of these exercised a profound influence upon him, Soleveichik by his talmudic methodology, Berlin by his love for Erez Israel, and the Hafez Hayyim by his humility and his ethical approach. In 1892 he married Beila Hinda, daughter of R. Faivel Frank of Ilukste. His wife possessed considerable scholarly abilities and throughout his life assisted him in transcribing his works and in arranging them for publication. In 1894 he was appointed by R. Nathan Zevi Finkel one of the principals of the Slobodka yeshiva and in 1897 the head of a yeshiva for advanced students in Slutsk, where Jacob David Willowski was the rabbi. Hundreds of students flocked to the yeshivah, and when Willowski emigrated to Erez Israel in 1903 Meltzer succeeded him as rabbi of Slutsk. After the Bolshevik Revolution in 1917 the yeshivah moved to Kletsk in Poland. Meltzer, however, refused to leave his community in Slutsk, despite his suffering at the hands of the Bolsheviks, including imprisonment for teaching Torah. In 1923 he left Russia for Kletsk and in the same year participated in the founding conference of the Agudat Israel in Vienna, at which he was elected to the Mo'ezet Gedolei ha-Torah. In 1925 he became head of the Ez Hayyim Yeshivah in Jerusalem. In Erez Israel, he devoted himself almost entirely to the dissemination of Torah and the strengthening of yeshivot. As a fervent Zionist, he exercised a moderating influence in the councils of the Agudah. In 1935 his first work appeared, Even ha-Ezel on the Mishneh Torah of Maimonides which is regarded as a fundamental work of its kind. Seven volumes appeared during his lifetime, the other posthumously. He also edited and wrote commentary to the novellae of Nahmanides (1928/29).< p>
R. Elijah Rom, Rosh Bet Din of Jerusalem, descendant of the Vilna Gaon,
R. Akiva Sofer (1878–1959), son of R. Simhah Bunem Sofer, succeeded his father as rabbi and rosh yeshiva of Pressburg. In 1940 he settled in Israel where he reestablished the yeshivah of Pressburg (Jerusalem), acting as its head until his death. His publications are: Da'at Sofer (1963) on Torah, and responsa (2 vols., 1965).
R. Zalman b. Ben Zion Sorotzkin (1881–1966), Lithuanian rabbi and communal leader was born in Zakhrina, Russia, where his father was rabbi. After studying under his father, he proceeded to the yeshivot of Slobodka and Volozhin. His renown as a brilliant student came to the attention of Eliezer Gordon, the head of the yeshiva of Telz, whose daughter he married. After his marriage he studied for several years in Volozhin. On returning to Telz he undertook the administration of the yeshiva, displaying great organizing ability. The yeshiva building was destroyed by a conflagration, and he succeeded in rebuilding it within a short time. In 1911, after the death of his father-in-law, he was invited to serve as rabbi in the small town of Voronovo (Werenow), near Vilna, where he founded a yeshiva for young students. After some years he was appointed rabbi of Zittel in Lithuania, where he also developed extensive communal activities, particularly in founding an educational network. After the outbreak of World War I, he was forced to wander with his family into Russia and arrived in Minsk. There he devoted himself to public activity and vigorously opposed the false charges and discriminatory decrees against the Jews which were constantly being issued by the czarist government. After the war he returned to Zittel, but shortly afterward was appointed rabbi of Lutsk, capital of Volhynia (then in Poland), which had a Jewish community of 30,000, and he remained there until the outbreak of World War II. During his rabbinate in Lutsk he became renowned as one of the outstanding Polish rabbis and was one of the leaders of Agudat Israel and of Orthodox Jewry generally. When Lutsk was occupied by the Russians after the outbreak of World War II, they threatened to imprison him if he continued his activities. He was compelled to flee with his family to Vilna, where Hayyim Ozer Grodzinski, rabbi of Vilna, charged him with reorganizing the many yeshivot, most of whose students had escaped to Lithuania. He remained in Vilna until the entry of the Russian army, when he left, and after many vicissitudes finally arrived in Erez Israel.
There he threw himself into communal work. He established the Va'ad ha-Yeshivot charged with the care of the yeshivot in Israel on the model of the Vilna Va'ad ha-Yeshivot (of which he had been one of the founders), and he headed it until his death. He was elected vice-chairman of the Mo'ezet Gedolei ha-Torah of Agudat Israel, and after the death of Isser Zalman Meltzer served as its chairman, a position he held until his death. He also headed the independent educational network (Hinnukh Azma'i) set up by Agudat Israel. R. Sorotzkin was an outstanding preacher, and many of his homilies appear in his work Ha-De'ah ve-ha-Dibbur (1937), on the Pentateuch. Toward the close of his life he published Oznayim la-Torah (1951–60), a commentary on the Pentateuch, and Moznayim la-Mishpat (1955), a collection of responsa in two parts. Some of his responsa are still in manuscript. Posthumously published is his commentary Ha-Shir ve-ha-Shevah on the Passover Haggadah (1971).
R. Isaac Arieli, rabbi of Keneset Israel in Jerusalem, and Rosh Yeshiva Merkaz Harav, talmudic scholar, awarded the Israel Prize in 1966, died in Jerusalem on April 25, at the age of 84.
R. Samuel b. Joseph Zevi haLevi Wozner (b.1913), rabbi and rosh yeshiva. He was born in Vienna and came to Jerusalem in 1935, and evetually settled in Bnai Berak where he headed the Yeshiva Hakhme Lublin. A student of R. Meir Shapira in Lublin, he was selected by the Hazon Ish to head the Yeshiva in his rebbe's name. His opinion was sought worldwide and many were printed in multi-volume Shevet Halevi.
See Hebrew list below for complete listing.