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Bidding Information
Lot #    24658
Auction End Date    9/22/2009 10:59:30 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
          
Title Information
Title (English)    Letter by R. Jehiel M.Tykocinski
Title (Hebrew)    כתב מה'ר יחיאל מיכל טיקוצינסקי
Author    [Ms.]
City    Jerusalem
Publication Date    1940
          
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
          
Description Information
Physical
Description
   [1] p., 92:68 mm., light age staining, ink on paper, signed, and dated.
          
Detailed
Description
   R. Jehiel Michel Tykocinski (1872–1955), rabbi and author. R. Tykocinski was born in Lyakhovichi, Belorussia. Orphaned of his father while still young, he was taken to Erez Israel in 1882. He studied under R. Samuel Salant , whose granddaughter he married in 1890. In 1900 he began to take part in the administration of Ez Hayyim in Jerusalem, at first as head of the junior department and then as chief administrator. He contributed greatly to the development of the institution – both when it was in the Old City of Jerusalem, and later when it moved outside. He was also active in the foundation of new suburbs in Jerusalem, and favored the unification of all sections of the Jewish population, new and old.

R. Tykocinski specialized in the laws and customs pertaining to Erez Israel, and from 1904 onward published an annual Lu'ah ("calendar") detailing liturgical and other customs for the whole year. This calendar was accepted as the authoritative guide for the liturgical and synagogal customs of the Ashkenazim in Israel; it continued to appear under the editorship of his son even after his death.

R. Tykocinski devoted himself especially to halakhic problems connected with astronomy, in which field he published Tekufat ha-Ḥamah u-Virkatah (1924); Bein ha-Shemashot (1929); and Sefer ha-Yomam (1943), on the international date line. His other works are Tohorat Yisrael (c. 1910); Ha-Ishah al pi Hukkat Yisrael (1920); Hilkhot Shevi'it (1910) and Sefer ha-Shemittah on the laws of the Sabbatical Year; Gesher ha-hayyim (1947, 19602) on the laws of mourning; and Sefer EreZ Yisrael (1955) on the laws and customs appertaining to Erez Israel. He also published many articles in various journals and left behind in manuscript novellae on the Talmud and responsa.

          
Reference
Description
   EJ; S. Zevin, Ishim ve-Shitot (1963), 337–60; D. Katz, Tenu'at ha-Musar, 3 (1957), 37–42; A. Rothkoff, in: Jewish Life (March 1971), 51–57; EJ; J.M. Tykocinski, Gesher ha-Ḥayyim, 1 (19602), introd. by Nissan A. Tykocinski.
        
Associated Images
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Listing Classification
Period
20th Century:    Checked
  
Location
Israel:    Checked
  
Subject
  
Characteristic
Language:    Hebrew
  
Manuscript Type
Letters:    Checked
  
Kind of Judaica