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Bidding Information
Lot #    24665
Auction End Date    9/22/2009 11:03:00 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Ayn Mishpat
Title (Hebrew)    עין - משפט
Author    [Only Ed. - Polemic] Joshua Steinberg
City    Vilna
Publisher    R. Shmuel Yosef Fin/R. Avraham Tsvi Rozenkrantz
Publication Date    1868
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   Only edition. 24 pp., 160:103 mm., light age staining, nice margins, old hands. A good copy not bound.
Paragraph 1    Criticism on Paperna's article Ha-Dramah bi-Khelal ve-ha-Ivrit bi-Ferat ("Drama in General and Hebrew Drama in Particular,") which appeared in 1868. Paperna's article opened with an explanation of the basic concepts of poetry and concentrated upon tragedy, bringing examples from Greek and English drama. It then gave an account of the history of Hebrew drama from M. H. Luzzatto to A. D. Lebensohn's Emet ve-Emunah.
   Joshua Steinberg (1825–1908) was a Hebrew writer, linguist, and teacher, son-in-law of A. B. Lebensohn (Adam ha-Kohen). A graduate of the Vilna Government Rabbinical Seminary, Steinberg served as a government-appointed rabbi in Bialystok and Vilna (1860–66), and was active in the establishment of governmental Russian-Jewish schools. In 1867 he was appointed lecturer in Hebrew and Aramaic at the Vilna Rabbinical Seminary and was censor of Hebrew books from 1883 to 1905. From time to time Steinberg wrote articles in which he preached the ideas of the Haskalah. The body of his work was connected with the study of Hebrew and its grammar. He wrote textbooks in Russian for the study of Hebrew and Aramaic; translated the Pentateuch and several books of the Prophets into Russian with Hebrew and Russian commentary; compiled a Russian-Hebrew dictionary (1880), and a frequently reprinted Russian-Hebrew pocket dictionary. In his book of grammar, Ma'arekhei Leshon Ever (1884), he employed his own method, whose main principle was the acceptance of the Ashkenazi pronunciation of vowels and the use of two- and three-letter roots. His biblical dictionary, Mishpat ha-Urim (1891; revised edition, Millon ha-Tanakh, 1940), has retained its value. Steinberg was a scrupulous purist who wrote only in the biblical idiom. Ahad Ha-Am, who printed his article "Toledot ha-Safah ve-Torat Darwin" ("History of Language and Darwin's Theory," in: Ha-Shilo'ah (2 (1897), 24–37)), referred to his writings as examples of the inability of biblical style to express modern scientific thought. Steinberg greatly influenced the methods of teaching Hebrew language and grammar. His works also include: translation of M. J. Lebensohn's poems into German, Gesaenge Zions (Vilna, 1859); epigrams and proverbs, Or la-Yesharim (1865); and three chapters of Sybilline Oracles translated into Hebrew in Ha-Me'assef (Warsaw, 1886).
Paragraph 2    בקרת למאמר ([אברהם יעקב] פאפירנא) "הדרמה בכלל והעברית בפרט" בהוספה למליץ שנת תרכ"ח, מאת יהושע שטיינברג...
   EJ, CD-EPI 0169566, 0312234
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Listing Classification
19th Century:    Checked
Russia-Poland:    Checked
Polemics:    Checked
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica