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Bidding Information
Lot #    24740
Auction End Date    9/22/2009 11:40:30 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Shem Ephraim; Yesod Yosef; Ohel Shelomo
Title (Hebrew)    : :
Author    R. Margolioth; R. Joseph ben Solomon; R. Zilberste
City    Vac; Mukachevo; Oradea
Publisher    Kahn; Meisels; Rubinstein
Publication Date    1911; 1907
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   Only editions. 65, [1], 25, [1]; 24; [1], 114, [1] ff. octavo; 240:153 mm., light age staining. Very good copies bound in later boards, rubbed.
   Three independent works bound together. The text is preceeded by a dedicatory page in memory of Leah bat Joseph, granddaughter of Yoda Meisner. The first title is Shem Ephraim by R. Ephraim Zalman Margolious. This is the only edition of this super-commentary on Rashi. Printed and bound with Shem Ephraim is Ot Yeshai, also on the weekly Torah readings. The second work has a half-title page and its own foliation. R. Ephraim Zalman ben Menahem Mannes Margolioth (17601828) studied under his uncle, Alexander Margolioth, rabbi of Satanov, R. Isaac of Ostrow, author of Berit Kehunnat Olam, and R. Ezekiel Landau. In his youth he was rabbi of Ohanov, but later left the rabbinate, according to some reports declining an offer of the rabbinate of Frankfurt. R. Ephraim settled in Brody and went into business, in which he was highly successful. He owned commercial establishments in Vienna and it was said of him: "From the time of the minister Saul Wahl there has not been Torah and wealth such as belong to Margolioth." He spent most of his time in study, leaving the conduct of his business to his partner Simeon Dishze. He also studied esoteric works with a group of kabbalists at Brody, and had a sound knowledge of history. R. Margolioth wrote many books and exchanged responsa with the greatest rabbis of his time, with some of whom he maintained close relations. He was involved in the controversy caused by Joshua Heshel Zoref's book Ha-Zoref and established the fact that it had strong leanings toward Shabbateanism. He also contended with the communal leaders of Brody over the leniency extended to the wealthy parnasim under the prevailing system of communal taxation and demanded their full participation in community expenditure. His works include Beit Efrayim, part 1 entitled Peri Tevu'ah, with commentary Rosh Efrayim (Lemberg, 1809); part 2 Shulhan Arukh, Yoreh De'ah (ibid., 1810); responsa Beit Efrayim (ibid., 1818); and another collection of responsa Beit Efrayim (Brody, 1866); Shem Efrayim, on Rashi's commentary to the Pentateuch and haftarot (Ostrow, 1826); Zera Efrayim on the Pesikta Rabbati (Lemberg, 1853); Yad Efrayim, on Shulhan Arukh, Orah Hayyim (in Dubno ed. of Shulhan Arukh, Orah Hayyim, 1820). He also wrote Ma'alot ha-Yuhasin, a genealogical book on the families Landau, Margolioth, etc. (Lemberg, 1900). R. Zevi Hirsch Chajes of Zolkiew was among his pupils.

The second title is Yesod Yosef by R. Joseph ben Solomon of Posen. An unusual but popular work reprinted several times, it is an ethical work with kabbalistic content built about the subject of avoiding or repenting from the sin of nocturnal emission. (Calahorra, Joseph Darshan, 16011696). Joseph, a grandson of R. Israel Samuel ben Solomon Calahorra, was born in Posen. At the time of the Chmielnicki massacres of tah-ve-tat (1648-49) he was resident in Belaya Tserkov, where he witnessed the pogrom. Joseph escaped, returning to Posen, where he remained for the remainder of his life, known for his learning, great piety, and asceticism, all reflected in Yesod Yosef. Joseph constructs, in Yesod Yosef uilding an inclusive ethical system, one with considerable kabbalistic content, about its otherwise narrow theme.

The third title is Ohel Shelomo by R. Solomon ben Aaron Zilberstein. It too is a commentary on the Torah, here based on R. Zilbersteins weekly discourses centered on aggadot. There is an approbation from R. Benjamin Foks, an introduction from his grandson Dr. Samuel Segal Feldman who brought the book to press fpllowed by R. Zilbersteins family history by R. Solomon Zalman Olman. At the end of Ohel Shelomo is the authors testament.

   BE shin 1613; BE yod 750; Heller, 17th Century
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Listing Classification
20th Century:    Checked
Other:    Hungary
Bible:    Checked
Novellae:    Checked
Other:    Will
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica