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Bidding Information
Lot #    24824
Auction End Date    9/22/2009 12:22:30 PM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    On Elijah the Prophet; seminal emissions
Title (Hebrew)    הנה אנכי שולח לכם אליהו הנביא
Author    [Ladino] R. Hayyim Joseph David Azulai
City    [Jerusalem]
Publication Date    1914
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   [2] pp. folio flier, 460:310 mm., creased on folds.
   Large two-sided flier in Judeo-Arabic in Hebrew rabbinic letters concerning the coming of Elijah the Prophet and the subject of seminal emission by R. Hayyim Joseph David Azulai, (Hida). The text of the flier is an extract from Hida’s Hebrew sefer Moreh be-Etzbah which deals with the seriousness of the sin of seminal emission and the order of Tikkun ha-Yesod to atone for this sin. The flier has approbations from R. Hayyim David Sornagah, R. Nahum ibn Vidal, R. Abraham Azriel, R. Moses Nahum Wallenstein, R. Aryeh Leib, R. Zevi Pesah Frank, R. Lipmann David, R. Meir Ezriel, and R. Bezalel Isaiah Borenstein.

R. Hayyim Joseph David Azulai, (Hida, 1724–1806) was a halakhist, kabbalist, emissary, and bibliographer. Azulai was born in Jerusalem; he was descended on his father's side from a prominent family of rabbis and kabbalists from Spain while his mother was a daughter of Joseph Bialer who had gone to Ereẓ Israel with R. Judah Ḥasid in 1770. He studied under some of the outstanding Jewish scholars of his age including R. Jonah Navon , R. Isaac ha-Kohen Rapoport , and R. Ḥayyim ibn Attar. Hida attained early eminence in Jewish studies and was regarded by the Jewry of the Ottoman Empire and of Italy as the leading scholar of his generation. He was highly esteemed, too, by the Jews of Germany, especially after the publication of his works. Possessed of great intellectual powers and many-faceted talents, he combined a religious and mystical ardor with an insatiable intellectual curiosity. Added to these were critical ability, a facile pen, and a boundless capacity for work. He spent most of his active years traveling abroad as an emissary of the communities of Ereẓ Israel for the collection of funds for the upkeep of the academies and scholars. Between 1753 and 1758 he visited Italy, Germany, Holland, France, and England as shali'aḥ of the Hebron Yeshivah. During these travels he refused the call to become ḥakham of the Sephardim in Amsterdam. On his return to Jerusalem, where he remained for some seven years, he served as dayyan and engaged in communal activities. He also became a member of R. Shalom Sharabi 's esoteric group of kabbalists, Ahavat Shalom. He left Ereẓ Israel again in 1764, having been delegated to travel to Constantinople to intercede on behalf of the scholars in their disputes with the communal leaders, but learning en route that the communal leaders had triumphed in the dispute and of the consequent futility of his proceeding on his mission, he remained in Cairo where he served briefly as rabbi. Azulai returned in 1769 and settled in Hebron where he was held in high esteem. In 1772 he again went abroad as the emissary of Hebron, this time devoting most of his efforts to Italy where, on his earlier visit, he had gained many admirers. Having sent a large sum of money to Hebron which relieved the financial difficulties of its community, he ended his mission in 1778 in Leghorn, where he spent the rest of his life. During his highly successful missions, Hida earned a great reputation for his involvement in communal activities. Once, when he was taken to the court of Versailles, he attracted royal attention through his striking appearance. At Leghorn, for his annual discourse, the streets were crowded with admirers who wished to catch a glimpse of his person. Azulai devoted himself, however, also to writing, study, and research. He exchanged views with Jewish as well as non-Jewish scholars and investigated scholarly literature. Everywhere he went he visited libraries, both private and public, and noted down their rarities, both in early printed books and also in manuscripts, almost as Moritz Steinschneider , the father of Jewish scientific bibliography, was to do in the following century. In his literary diary Ma’agal Tov (Good Path) which covers the years 1753–78, with some later jottings (full ed. by A. Freimann, 1921–34), he entered every idea and novel thought in the field of Jewish scholarship, history, and folklore which occurred to him on his travels. This diary is an invaluable source of information regarding not only his own experiences but also the circumstances, personalities, and bibliographical treasures of the places which Azulai visited, in particular in Italy, Holland, and France. From this diary he later drew the material for his numerous works on a variety of subjects to which he devoted the latter part of his life. His chief claims to fame as a halakhist rest on his glosses to the Shulhan Arukh, contained in his Birkei Yosef (1774), Maḥazik Berakhah (1785), and Shiyyurei Berakhah (1771–76), which complemented R. Ḥayyim Benveniste’s Keneset ha-Gedolah with citations from later halakhic works and from numerous manuscripts. In his books Va'ad la-Hakhamim (1796) and Shem ha-Gedolim (1, 1774; 2, 1786; scholarly ed., 1853), Azulai followed in the footsteps of R. Shabbetai Bass , adding 1,300 bibliographical references to the approximately 2,200 already contained in the Siftei Yeshenim. Hida seems to have been the first Hebrew writer to be interested in collecting Jewish folk-stories in a systematic way. In his Zikhron Ma'asiyyot ve-Nissim he listed hundreds of these; in most cases he wrote down only a detail or two, to identify them, whereas less famous stories were given in greater detail or in full. Many stories were related of the wonders and miracles Azulai performed. Pilgrimages were made to his tomb at Leghorn until, some 150 years after his death, in 1960, his remains were reinterred in Jerusalem.

Paragraph 2    [מאת ר' חיים יוסף דוד אזולאי]... ייא איס סאביידו לוקי איסקריב'יירון מואיסטרוס סי'[נייוריס] חכמים... דיל גראנדי פיקאדו קין איס פוגם איל ברית קודש...

בלאדינו. קטע מהספר מורה באצבע, מאת ר' חי"ד אזולאי, בנושא חומרת החטא של הוצאת זרע לבטלה, וסדר "תיקון היסוד" לכפר על חטא זה. כולל גם הסכמת בתי הדין של הספרדים והאשכנזים בירושלים להדפסת ה"תיקון". בראש הפרסום: "איסטו איס טריזלאדו די לוקי איסקריב'ייו הרב הגדול... רבינו חיים יוסף דוד אזולאי... אי סו ליב'רו מורה באצבע...". אותיות רש"י.

   EJ; CD-EPI 0202145
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Listing Classification
20th Century:    Checked
Israel:    Checked
Halacha:    Checked
Language:    Ladino
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica