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Bidding Information
Lot #    26763
Auction End Date    6/15/2010 10:04:30 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
          
Title Information
Title (English)    Translat (Regulation)
Title (Hebrew)    טראנסלאט אמפליאציען על תקנות קהלתינו
Author    [Community - Only Ed.]
City    Amsterdam
Publisher    Kashman b. Joseph Barukh
Publication Date    1772-73
          
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
          
Description Information
Physical
Description
   Only edition. [1], 5; [1], 7-16 ff.,8°, 154:94 mm., light age staining, heavy stock, wide margins. A very good copy bound in contemporary velum over wood boards.
          
Paragraph 1    Beautifully printed in multiple fonts.
          
Detailed
Description
   Regulations concerning payment of taxes by the Ashkenazic community in Amsterdam. The first Ashkenazi settlers in Amsterdam arrived in the 1620s. At first they depended socially and economically on the Sephardi community, but were in the same position as to legal status. In 1636 they began to hold their own services and appointed as their rabbi R. Moses b. Jacob Weile of Prague. Their first synagogue was acquired in 1640. The number of Ashkenazi Jews rapidly increased and soon exceeded the Sephardi community. Jews from Poland found their way to Amsterdam after the Chmielnicki massacres in 1648–49, and after the Swedish invasion in 1655. The Polish Jews founded their own congregation in 1660, which maintained ties with the Council of the Four Lands. In 1673, after lengthy negotiations and intervention by the municipal authorities, they were finally forced to join the main Ashkenazi body, then numbering 7,500 members. In 1671 a large and luxurious synagogue was built, and to meet the needs of the growing population, additional Ashkenazi synagogues were built in 1686, 1700, and 1730. Prominent Ashkenazi rabbis included R. David b. Aryeh Leib of Lida (appointed 1680), R. Eleazar b. Samuel of Brody (appointed 1735), and R. Zevi Hirsch b. Jacob Ashkenazi ("Hakham Zevi"), appointed in 1710 but forced to resign later. However, down to 1815 a number of his descendants were Ashkenazi chief rabbis of Amsterdam (his son-in-law R. Aryeh Leib Loewenstamm, (1740–55), his grandson R. Saul Loewenstamm (1755–90), and R. Saul's son R. Moses (1790–1815)).
          
Reference
Description
   EJ; JE; Vinograd 2024; Zedner p. 49
        
Associated Images
4 Images (Click thumbnail to view full size image):
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Listing Classification
Period
  
18th Century:    Checked
  
Location
Holland:    Checked
  
Subject
Customs:    Checked
History:    Checked
  
Characteristic
Bindings:    Checked
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Judeo-German, some Hebrew
  
Manuscript Type
  
Kind of Judaica