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Bidding Information
Lot #    26771
Auction End Date    6/15/2010 10:08:30 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
          
Title Information
Title (English)    Selihot mi-kol ha-Shana
Title (Hebrew)    סליחות מכל השנה
Author    [Liturgy]
City    Vienna
Publisher    Anton Schmid
Publication Date    1796
          
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
          
Description Information
Physical
Description
   17, 69-111, 88-90, [1] ff., 335:210 mm., wide margins, light age staining. A very good copy bound in contemporary half leather and marbled paper boards, rubbed.
          
Detailed
Description
   Large format Selihot for the entire year according to the custom of Bohemia, Poland, Moravia, Hungary, and Silesia. The title page states that it contains the explanation of words and terms in many places, as well as the customs of Elul, Erev Rosh Hashanah, and Rosh Hashanah. Added here are the selihot from R. Avigdor Kara. It was printed in a large format and with large letters so that a person should be able to pray with great concentration at morning Ashmorot (penitential prayers, Selihot, recited before Shaharit). Schmid’s printer’s mark, with his monogram in the center, is on the title page, which is, appropriately, dated from the verse, “to listen to the cry and to the prayer” (I Kings 8:28). As the title page stated, this selihot is prited with large, clear, letters. In addition to those selihot noted on the title page are selihot for Zom Gedaliah, the days between Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur, Shaharit and Minhah on Yom Kippur, selihot of R. Abraham ben Avigdor, concluding with the customs of Rosh Hashanah. This is, due to its size, type, and fine paper, an unusually attractive edition of this basic penitential prayer book.

R. Avigdor ben Isaac Kara (Cara, d. 1439), rabbi, kabbalist, and poet, was of German origin. It is uncertain whether the name Kara indicates, as some think, that he was a descendant of R. Joseph Kara, or whether it is a reference to his expert knowledge of Scripture (Mikra). His father, R. Isaac Kara, met a martyr’s death. Kara is the author of the elegy Et Kol ha-Tela’ah asher Meza’atnu to commemorate the sufferings which overtook the Jews of Prague on the last day of Passover 1389, as a result of an accusation that they had desecrated the Host. This elegy is recited by the Jews of Prague during the Minhah service on Yom Kippur. His descendants include R. Abraham ben Avigdor. R. Abraham ben Avigdor (d. 1542), rabbi and author, served, for 20 years, as the rabbi of Prague. One of his pupils was R. Abraham Jaffe, the father of R. Mordecai Jaffe. In 1534 R. Abraham and the famous shtadlan R. Joseph (R. Josel mann) of Rosheim, framed 23 takkanot designed to adjudicate an inter-communal dispute in Bohemia and to restore harmony in the community. After the expulsion of the Jews from Bohemia in 1541, Abraham composed the selihah beginning “Anna Elohei Avraham.” recited in the Polish ritual on Yom Kippur. According to David Gans, R. Abraham had a knowledge of “all the seven sciences.”

          
Paragraph 2    מכל השנה כמנהג פיהם פולין ומעהררין אונגארן ושלעזיא... עם פירוש המלות והמאמרים בכמה מקומות...

על-פי פראג תצ"ה, ואין כאן "סליחות מכל השנה", עם סליחת ר' אברהם ב"ר אביגדור. "מנהגים של חודש אלול ושל ערב ראש השנה וראש השנה, וגם... סליחות ממהור"ר אביגדור קרא" שעמדו להדפיסם בספר, כנאמר בשער, לא נדפסו. דף סט-פז נלקחו מחלק א של מחזור כמנהג פיהם פולין ומעהררין, שנדפס בשנת תקנ"ג, באותו בית-דפוס. בעמודים אלה בלבד (וגם בעמוד שקדם להם, בדף יז,ב) נדפס הפירוש הנז' בשער ובסופם (דף פז,ב) נדפסו סדר כפרות ודיני ערב יום הכיפורים

          
Reference
Description
   EJ; CD-EPI 0182789
        
Associated Images
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Listing Classification
Period
  
18th Century:    Checked
  
Location
Other:    Austria
  
Subject
Liturgy:    Checked
  
Characteristic
Language:    Hebrew
  
Manuscript Type
  
Kind of Judaica