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Bidding Information
Lot #    26801
Auction End Date    6/15/2010 10:23:30 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Ir Miklat
Title (Hebrew)    עיר מקלט
Author    [First Ed. - Kabbalah] R. David of Lida
City    Dyhernfurth
Publisher    Sabbatai Meshorer Bass
Publication Date    1690
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   First edition. 16, 21-44, 43-54 ff., 200:153 mm., wide margins, usual light age staining, old hands. A very good copy bound in modern cloth boards.
   On the 613 commandments by R. David b. Aryeh Lieb of Lida (c. 1650–1696), rabbi and author; nephew of R. Moses b. Zevi Naphtali Rivkes. He studied under R. Joshua Hoeschel b. Jacob of Cracow, and in 1671 was called to the rabbinate in Lida. Subsequently he officiated as rabbi of Ostrog, Mainz (1677), and of the Ashkenazi community of Amsterdam (1681). There he was accused of Shabbatean leanings as well as of literary plagiarism in connection with his Migdal David, a commentary on the Book of Ruth (1680) which some ascribed to R. Hayyim b. Abraham ha-Kohen. After being dismissed from his position, R. David returned to Poland, where he presented his case to the Council of the Four Lands and aired it in a pamphlet entitled Be'er Esek ("Well of Contention," 1684). The Polish rabbinate vindicated him and demanded his reinstatement. On his return to Amsterdam, however, his case was raised again, this time by the Sephardi rabbis, who subsequently likewise vindicated him. He returned to Poland shortly thereafter and died in Lvov. He was the author of numerous homiletic and kabbalistic works, including Sod Adonai (1680), on circumcision; Shomer Shabbat (1687), on the Shabbat. A collection of 14 of his compositions was published under the title Yad Kol Bo in 1727. Another work on the Shulhan Arukh Orah Hayyim remains in manuscript. It is now clear that his first work, an ethical treatise, Divrei David (1671), was drawn from other sources, while the Asarah Hillulim, a commentary on Psalms (included in Yad Kol Bo), was incorrectly attributed to David by the publishers, having been taken from the commentary on Psalms by the Christian scholar, H. J. Bashuysen. Much of the controversy which centered around R. David stemmed from his militancy and aggressiveness. Among his severest critics was R. Jacob Emden.
Paragraph 2    ... (סדר) מצות ... תרי"ג (בפירושו וטעמו ונימוקו בנגלה ובנסתר ... כסדר הפרשיות שבתורה) ... חברו ... ר' דוד יצ"ו במהור"ר אריה ליב ז"ל ... אשר בנה ... בהיותו אב"ד ור"מ בק"ק מגענצא ... וסיומו היה בהיותו אב"ד ור"מ באמשטרדם ...

דף נג-נד: "סדר הא"ב ... שמתי פני לכתוב הא"ב אחר ווידוי (באותיות אלפ"א בית"א) שהצגנו בתפוחי זהב" לר' יחיאל מילי, שר' דוד הוציאו בפירדא תנ"ג. הווידוי לא נדפס שם. "סדר הא"ב" כולל אמרות למידות טובות בסדר א"ב. הסכמות: ר' יצחק [ב"ר אברהם] מפוזנן, ר' ישעי' הורוויץ מפרנקפורט ור' אהרן תאומי' חונה פה ק"ק וורמיישא.

   CD-EPI 0125196; EJ; Michael, Or, no. 700; Freimann, in: Sefer ha-Yovel... N. Sokolow (1904), 459–80
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Listing Classification
17th Century:    Checked
Germany:    Checked
Halacha:    Checked
Novellae:    Checked
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica