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Bidding Information
Lot #    26916
Auction End Date    6/15/2010 11:21:30 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Ha-Assufot
Title (Hebrew)    האסופות
Author    R. Elijah Carcasona; ed. R. A.I. Dziubas
City    London
Publisher    Narod Press
Publication Date    1942
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   Two volumes, 84; 85-178, [2] pp. octavo 245:154 mm., crisp copies bound in the original boards.
Paragraph 1    With typewritten and signed dedication by the R. Dziubas.
   Rare and important work on Jewish ritual by a rishon (early sage). The author was R. Elijah Carcasona, a student of R. Eleazer of Garmiza (ha-rokeah, c. 1200). Ha-Assufot was edited from a unique manuscript in the Montefiore Library, Ramsgate by R. A.I. Dziubas who also provided critical notes, source references, and an introduction. The text is at the top of the page and below are R. Dziubas’ detailed and scholarly glosses. Ha-Assufot begins with a lengthy multi-page lists of the sages mentioned in the book, here too with explanatory notes. Ha-Assufot is in two volumes and deals with the laws of shehitah, bedikah, and related subjects.

R. Elijah Carcasona, known as Ba’al Assufot, was one of the rishonim (lit. the early authorities), a term with many connotations–chronological, literary, ethical, and halakhic–serving to indicate the standing and authority of preceding scholars in relation to the scholars of the time in the domain of halakhic ruling and interpretation of the Torah. The distinction between "rishonim" and contemporaries is already found in the Talmud, which stresses the deterioration in worth of the generations as they progressively become further removed in time from Sinai; e.g., "If the rishonim were as angels, we are as men, and if the rishonim were as men, we are as donkeys" (Shab. 112b). The natural ambivalence involved in the practical use of this term was first raised in the later geonic literature, which set against this assessment the halakhic rule that "the law is in accordance with the later authority" (Seder Tanna'im ve-Amora'im, no. 25), the reason being either because these "were more painstaking than the rishonim in clarifying the halakhah" (Tos. to Kid. 45b), or because these had already seen and taken into consideration the reasoning of their predecessors and were therefore, in the words of the well-known proverb, like "a dwarf sitting on the back of a giant". Various limitations were made to this rule in order to reconcile these two contradictory statements. R. Moses Alashkar (Responsa nos. 53–54) already grasped the full import of this ambivalence, attempted to draw all the conclusions from it, and limited the application of the rule that the law is in accordance with the later authority to the pre-geonic period, but his was a solitary opinion.

Paragraph 2    חברו רבינו אליהו ב"ר יצחק מקרקשונה בסוף אלף החמשי לב"ע, היה תלמידו של רבינו אלעזר מווירמישא בעל הרוקח זצ"ל. כולל פסקי דינים בכל מקצועות שבתורה וטופסי דשטרי ולקוטים יקרים מספרי קדמונים ושמועות טובות מן הראשונים. שערי נקוד וטעמי הנגינות ודקדוק האותיות ושיר ארוך לרבינו תם ז"ל. בפעם הראשונה נעתק מכתב יד ישן-נושן שנשאר יחידי בעולם, הנמצא כעת בישיבת "אהל משה ויהודית מונטיפיורי" ברמסגט, ויצא עתה אורה עם הגהות והערות בשם בית אברהם יצחק >בית אב"י< על ידי הק' אברהם יצחק במהרד"ם ז"ל דזובאס... חוברת (א)-ב. שנת מ'מ'נ'י' ה'ק'' א'ב'ר'ה'ם' י'צ'ח'ק' - ב'ח'ל'ק' ה'ר'א'ש'ו'ן'

לכל חוברת שער מיוחד. בהוצאה זו נדפסו הלכות שחיטה וטריפות בלבד. חיבור זה הוא אוסף פסקי הלכה של חכמי אשכנז הקדמונים ומחברו הוא אחד מראשוני חכמי אשכנז, ואינו "ספר האסופות" של ר' אליהו מקרקשונה, שהיה מחכמי פרובאנס. תיאור חיבורו האמיתי של ר' אליהו מקרקשונה (הידוע גם בשם "בעל אסופות") וקטעים מהספר, עיין: ב"ז בנדיקט, מרכז התורה בפרובאנס, ירושלים תשמ"ה, עמ' 132-105. אותו חיבור מיוחס גם לר' יהודה ב"ר יעקב לאטש.

   EJ; CD-EPI 0302880
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Listing Classification
20th Century:    Checked
England:    Checked
Customs:    Checked
Other:    Religion
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica