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Bidding Information
Lot #    27785
Auction End Date    9/14/2010 10:44:30 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Musaf he-Arukh
Title (Hebrew)    מוסף הערוך
Author    [First Ed.] R. Benjamin Mussafia
City    Amsterdam
Publisher    Emanuel Benviniste
Publication Date    1655
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   First edition of the commentary by R. Benjamin Musifa. [2], 193 ff., final in old manuscript, 284:193 mm., age and damp staining, title backed touching frame. A good copy bound in modern boards.
   A supplement of linguistic entries to the Arukh of R. Nathan b. Jehiel of Rome, in which R. Mussafia also gave new explanations to Latin and Greek words in that work. The work gave the author a world reputation as a scholar, and it was published in more than 20 editions.

R. Benjamin b. Immanuel Mussafia (1606–1675), rabbi, philologist, physician, and author. A descendant of Spanish Marranos, he was probably born in Spain; little is known of his early years. He received a broad philosophical education, and, apart from his great talmudic scholarship, had a sound knowledge of Latin, Greek, and Arabic. He lived in Hamburg where he distinguished himself as a physician, and gained fame in the medical profession with the publication of his books on medicine. Consequently, he was invited to act as personal physician to King Christian IV of Denmark, to whom he dedicated the scientific work Mei ha-Yam (Amsterdam, 1642). When the king died in 1648, Mussafia moved to Amsterdam where he became a member of the well-known bet ha-midrash "Keter Torah." In his old age, he acted as one of the scholars of Amsterdam, and his signature was first on the eulogy and letter of recognition of Shabbetai Zevi, the false messiah, which was signed by Portuguese and bet ha-midrash "Keter Torah" scholars. In consequence, R. Jacob Sasportas, a zealous fighter against the Shabbateans, attacked him in his Oholei Ya'akov.

Zekher Rav (Hamburg, 1638) is his first published work (subsequently in about 16 editions and many translations); written in verse, it relates the marvels of the creation. His commentary on the Jerusalem Talmud has not been published. His scientific works, written under the Latin pseudonym, Dionysius, include Mei Zahav (Hamburg, 1638), on the healing properties of gold; and Mei ha-Yam (Amsterdam, 1642), on the tidal flow.

Paragraph 2    אשר כבר הוציא לאור תעלומות חכמה... רבינו נתן... בר רבינו יחיאל בר רבינו אברהם מעיר רומי: עם תוספות.והגהות. והשגות. של ... ר' בנימין (ב"ר עמנואל) מוספיא נר"ו...
   Fuks, Holland Imprints 241; Vinograd, Amsterdam 220; CD-EPI 0152825; EJ; JE
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Listing Classification
17th Century:    Checked
Holland:    Checked
Dictionaries & Encyclopedias:    Checked
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica