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Bidding Information
Lot #    27867
Auction End Date    9/14/2010 11:55:30 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
          
Title Information
Title (English)    Emek Havanah be-Torah ve-Hazal
Title (Hebrew)    עמק ההבנה בתורה וחז'ל
Author    [Only Ed.] R. Hayyim Isaac Eizek Sher
City    Jerusalem
Publisher    Tevunah
Publication Date    1941
          
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
          
Description Information
Physical
Description
   Only edition. [1], 30 pp. octavo 246:140 mm., wide margins, light age staining. A very good copy bound in later boards.
          
Detailed
Description
   Only edition of this ethical work by R. Hayyim Isaac Eizek Sher Rosh Yeshivah Kenesset Israel of Slobodka. It is dated 21 Shevat 701 (January 29, 1941) forty-one years since the passing of the admor, the saba, the gaon, the pious, light of Israel, the holy R. Nathan Zevi Finkel. There is an introduction from Fr. Israel Zissel Paltin-Deboritz and then the text which is in four parts, the first with the heading of the work, the second on the house of the avot, the third on the members of the household of the patriarch Abraham, and concluding with the test of famine for the patriarch Abraham.

The Slobodka Yeshiva was a leading European yeshiva which was dedicated to the ideals of the Musar movement . In 1882 the yeshiva was founded in Slobodka, a suburb of Kouro, Lithuania, by R. Nathan Zevi Finkel as an advanced school for the graduates of the local elementary yeshiva which had previously been established by R. Ẓevi Levitan. The new school made rapid strides after the leading yeshiva of this era, the Volozhin yeshiva, was closed by the czarist government on Jan. 22, 1892. Many former Volozhin students enrolled at Slobodka, and in 1893 R. Finkel appointed two brothers-in-law, both brilliant Volozhin graduates, R. Isser Zalman Meltzer and R. Moses Mordecai Epstein , to be the heads of the Slobodka yeshivah. R. Meltzer left in 1896 to organize the Slutzker yeshiva, but R. Epstein remained associated with the school until his death in 1933. R. Finkel remained the yeshiva's dominant personality and fashioned its unique musar environment. He instituted a daily half-hour period devoted solely to the study of musar texts, and on Saturday nights he delivered musar lectures to the assembled students. In 1896 the yeshiva was caught up in a public controversy with those students and rabbis who had long opposed the innovations of the Musar movement. The yeshiva split in 1897 and those loyal to the ideals of R. Finkel and R. Epstein renamed their school Yeshiva Keneset Israel, in memory of the founder of the Musar movement, R. Israel Lipkin (Salanter) . The other students organized a new school which they called Keneset Bet Yiẓḥak, in memory of R. Isaac Elhanan Spektor of Kovno. It was later headed by R. Baruch Ber Leibowitz and following World War I relocated in Kamenetz, Poland.

R. Finkel's yeshiva continued to expand; by 1899 it had an enrollment of over 300 students and a new building was constructed for the school. The yeshiva's position was further strengthened with the 1910 selection of R. Epstein to serve as the chief rabbi of Slobodka. Additional heads of the yeshiva were appointed, including R. Finkel's son, R. Moses Finkel, and son-in-law R. Isaac Sher. With the outbreak of World War I, the school was compelled to move from Slobodka to Minsk, and afterward to Kremenchug , where it remained for the duration of the war. After its return to Slobodka, the yeshivah continued expanding rapidly during the 1920s. The student body increased to over 500, including scores of foreign students from Germany and the English-speaking countries. R. Finkel organized new divisions of the yeshiva to complement its educational program, including an elementary school named Even Israel and a secondary school called Or Israel. The culmination of these schools was the Slobodka kolel, which was established in 1921.

In 1924, following the Lithuanian government's decision to discontinue its previous practice of exempting all yeshiva students from military service, it was decided to open a branch of the school in Palestine, and Hebron was chosen for its location. R. Finkel joined the new school in 1925, and it soon attracted over 150 students. Following the Arab massacre of 1929 in which 25 yeshiva students were murdered, the school relocated in Jerusalem, where it continued to function under the name of the Hebron yeshiva. The original Slobodka yeshiva, under the leadership of R. Isaac Sher, continued its activities until June 23, 1941, when the Nazi invasion was imminent. Although most of the faculty and students perished during the Holocaust, the Slobodka yeshiva was reopened in Bene-Berak following the conclusion of the war.

          
Paragraph 2    מאת... ר' חיים יצחק אייזיק שר שליט"א ראש הישיבה... "כנסת ישראל" דסלבודקה.

שער-מעטפת. אחרי עמ' טז נוסף דף קטן, מסומן: טז א, טז ב. עמ' [1]-4: הקדמה, [מאת] י'שראל זיסל פלטין-דבורץ. "המאמרים שלפנינו... מהם נדפסו בהמשכים בירחון 'כנסת ישראל' של ישיבת סלבודקה".

          
Reference
Description
   BE ayin 898; EJ; CD-EPI 0171736
        
Associated Images
2 Images (Click thumbnail to view full size image):
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Listing Classification
Period
20th Century:    Checked
  
Location
Israel:    Checked
  
Subject
Other:    Ethics
  
Characteristic
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
  
Manuscript Type
  
Kind of Judaica