||A volume in Yiddish on the history and geography of Erets Israel, by future Prime Minister David Ben Gurion and future President of the State of Israel Yitzhak Ben Zvi, which includes maps and 80 photographs.
The title page lists 5668  as the date instead of 5678  which is the date in the preface.
It is part of a series entitled "Yidisches Premium Togeblatt."
David Ben-Gurion was born in Plonsk, Poland in 1886 and educated in a Hebrew school established by his father, an ardent Zionist. By his mid-teens, Ben-Gurion led a Zionist youth group, "Ezra," whose members spoke only Hebrew among themselves. At the age of 18 he became a teacher in a Warsaw Jewish school and joined the Socialist-Zionist group "Poalei Zion" (Workers of Zion). Arriving in the Land of Israel in 1906, he became involved in the creation of the first agricultural workers' commune (which evolved into the Kvutzah and finally the Kibbutz), and helped establish the Jewish self-defense group, “Hashomer” (The Watchman). Following the outbreak of World War I he was deported by the Ottoman authorities with Yitzhak Ben-Zvi (later, Israel's second President). Ben-Gurion traveled on behalf of the Socialist-Zionist cause to New York, where he met and married Paula Monbesz, a fellow Poalei Zion activist. He returned to Israel in the uniform of the Jewish Legion, created as a unit in the British Army by Zionist leader Vladimir Jabotinsky. Ben-Gurion was a founder of the trade unions, and, in particular, the national federation, the Histadrut, which he dominated from the early 1920's. He also served as the Histadrut's representative in the World Zionist Organization and Jewish Agency, and was elected chairman of both organizations in 1935. Having led the struggle to establish the State of Israel in May 1948, Ben-Gurion became Prime Minister and Defense Minister. As Premier, he oversaw the establishment of the state's institutions. He presided over various national projects aimed at the rapid development of the country and its population: “Operation Magic Carpet,” the airlift of Jews from Arab countries, the construction of the national water carrier, rural development projects and the establishment of new towns and cities. In particular, he called for pioneering settlement in outlying areas, especially in the Negev. In late 1953, Ben-Gurion left the government and retired to Kibbutz Sde Boker in the Negev. He returned to political life, after the Knesset elections in 1955, assuming the post of Defense Minister and later the premiership. Continuing as Prime Minister, Ben-Gurion supported the establishment of relations with West Germany, despite bitter opposition. He also led the country during the 1956 Sinai campaign, in which Israeli forces temporarily secured the Sinai peninsula. In June 1963 Ben-Gurion resigned as Prime Minister, citing “personal reasons.” Levi Eshkol took over the posts of Prime Minister and Defense Minister. But Ben-Gurion remained active politically, with a rivalry developing between him and Eshkol. In June 1965, the Mapai Party split, with Ben-Gurion establishing Rafi (List of Israeli Workers), which won ten Knesset seats in the following election. In 1968, Rafi rejoined Mapai and Ahdut Ha'avoda, to form the Israel Labor Party, while Ben-Gurion formed a new party, Hareshima Hamamlachtit (The State List), which won four Knesset seats in the 1969 elections. In June 1970, Ben-Gurion retired from political life and returned to Sde Boker where he passed away in 1973.
Yitzhak Ben-Zvi was born in Poltava, Ukraine in 1884. During the 1905 pogrom, he became active in Jewish selfdefense and played a leading role in Po'alei Zion, a Zionist socialist organization. Ben-Zvi settled in Palestine at the beginning of 1907 and was a Po'alei Zion delegate to the Eighth Zionist Congress held that year in The Hague. Along with Rahel Yanait, whom he later married, BenZvi participated in the founding of the Ha-Shomer Jewish defense organization. In 1910, Ben-Zvi together with Rahel Yanait, and Ze'ev Ashur founded the first Hebrew socialist periodical "Ahdut" (Unity) in the country. Subsequently deported along with David Ben-Gurion, together they founded the He-Halutz (Pioneer) movement of America to prepare young Jews for settlement in Palestine, and established branches in many cities. They returned to Palestine in 1918 as soldiers of the Jewish Legion in the British Royal Fusiliers. During the Arab riots in Jerusalem in the 1920's, Ben-Zvi was active in the ranks of the Haganah (voluntary Jewish self-defense organization). With the establishment of the Va'ad Le'ummi (National Committee) in 1920, Ben-Zvi was elected to its leadership, first as a member, later as chairman (1931), and finally as president in 1945. After the establishment of the State of Israel, Ben-Zvi was elected as a "Mapai" (Labor) member to the first and second Knesset, in 1949 and 1952. Upon the passing of Chaim Weizmann, Ben-Zvi was elected President of the State in 1952, and in 1957 was returned by the Knesset to that office for five more years. In 1962 he was elected president for a third term and died in office on April 23, 1963. Ben-Zvi headed the Institute for the Study of Oriental Jewish Communities in the Middle East, which he founded in 1948, later named the Ben-Zvi Institute. His scholarly works were devoted mainly to research on communities and sects (Samaritans, Karaites, Jewish communities in Asia and Africa, etc.) and to the geography of the land of Israel, its ancient populations, antiquities and traditions.