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Bidding Information
Lot #    30924
Auction End Date    7/26/2011 11:42:30 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
          
Title Information
Title (English)    Memorial plaque for R. Dr. Azriel Hildesheimer
Title (Hebrew)    מצבת זכרון
Author    [Community - Only Ed.]
City    Berlin
Publisher    (H. Itzkowski)
Publication Date    1899
          
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
          
Description Information
Physical
Description
   Only edition. [4] pp., 220:144 mm., light age staining, as issued.
          
Detailed
Description
   R. Azriel Hildesheimer (1820–1899), German rabbi, scholar, educator, and leader of Orthodox Jewry. He was born in Halberstadt into a family of scholars, received his early education in the local Jewish school. He continued his talmudic studies under R. Jacob Ettlinger in Altona and R. Isaac Bernays in Hamburg. At Berlin University he studied Semitics, philosophy, history, and science, and eventually received his doctorate from the University of Halle. By his marriage to the daughter of Aaron Hirsch he became financially independent, enabling him to pursue freely his university studies and his subsequent career.

In 1851 Hildesheimer was appointed rabbi of the Austro-Hungarian community of Eisenstadt; there he reorganized the educational system and established a yeshivah, where secular studies were included in the curriculum. The yeshivah was highly successful, and students came there from all over Europe. However, the great majority of Orthodox Hungarian rabbis bitterly opposed his modernism and the institution he created. In 1869 Hildesheimer accepted a call from Berlin to become rabbi of the newly founded Orthodox congregation, Adass Jisroel. In 1873 he established a rabbinical seminary which later became the central institution for the training of Orthodox rabbis in Europe. Hildesheimer shared with S. R. Hirsch the leadership of the Orthodox Jewish community of Germany. He was an active worker on behalf of stricken Jewish communities throughout the world. Throughout his life, he was an enthusiastic supporter of Palestine Jewry and the building of the yishuv. The Battei Mahaseh dwellings in the Old City of Jerusalem were erected on his initiative. In 1872 he founded a Palaestina Verein with the object of raising the educational and vocational standards of Jerusalem Jews, particularly by the establishment in 1879 of an orphanage. This drew on his head the bitter antagonism of the ultra-Orthodox old yishuv, which placed him under a ban (herem). Hildesheimer supported the Hovevei Zion and the colonization movement.

          
Paragraph 2    אשר הקימה קהלת עדת ישראל [בברלין] לכבוד ראשה ומנהיגה, הרב ... עזריאל בן מו"ה יהודה זצוק"ל הנודע בשם ד"ר הילדעסהיימער, רועה נאמן היה לעדתו כשלשים שנה ובן תשעה ושבעים שנה נאסף ... ביום ב ד תמוז, ועפרו שב למנוחתו ביום ד ו תמוז ... עמ' [2]: נוסח המצבה, פותח: כרוב ממשח, אשר סבך בעודו, עלי עם אל, ביום מות לכדו. חבר מאת חיים בראדי, צעיר תלמידי הרה"ג ... זצ"ל.
          
Reference
Description
   EJ; CD-EPI 0114717
        
Associated Images
1 Image (Click thumbnail to view full size image):
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Listing Classification
Period
19th Century:    Checked
  
Location
Germany:    Checked
  
Subject
History:    Checked
Liturgy:    Checked
Other:    Eulogy
  
Characteristic
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
  
Manuscript Type
  
Kind of Judaica