||Large poster, calling for repentance so that "our government under Kaiser Franz Joseph I" be successful in all its pursuits. The poster, in Hebrew and Yiddish, gives 10 items that need to be complied with for success. A small note in the lower margin instructs that the poster be posted in the woman's section.
The poster is signed by R. Isaiah Silberstein and R. Koppel Reich.
R. Koppel Reich (Jacob; 1838–1929), Hungarian rabbi. Born in Verbo into a rabbinical family, he studied under his father R. Abraham Ezekiel Reich, rabbi of Bannewitz, and R. Abraham Samuel Benjamin Sofer, rabbi of Pressburg. He married the daughter of R. Israel ha-Ro'eh, disciple of R. Moses Sofer and rabbi of Szobotiszt, whom he succeeded in 1860. Twenty years later he became rabbi of Verbo where his grandfather had previously held office, and was elected chief rabbi of the Orthodox community of Budapest in 1889. R. Reich possessed a wide general education and was active in Hungarian Orthodox communal affairs. In 1905 he presided over the convention of Orthodox rabbis and community leaders who drew up the regulations of Orthodox Jewry in Hungary. He delivered the opening speech in Hebrew - an unusual event in Hungary. These regulations were later ratified by the government and became the legal framework for the organization of Orthodoxy in Hungary. In the school which he established and directed, Torat Emet, both religious and secular subjects were taught. In 1927, although he was almost 90 years old, he took his seat in the upper house of the Hungarian parliament. Reich left no works, but he is quoted by rabbis of his generation. All his sons and sons-in-law held rabbinical office in Hungary.
R. Isaiah Silberstein (1857–1930) was son of the renowned R. David Judah Leib Silberstein (Shevilei David, d. 1894). R. Isaiah Silberstien was two years old when his father went to Jerusalem, and he returned with him to Hungary. At first he was a cloth merchant but in 1884 became rabbi of Vacz. He was the author of Ma’asai le-Melekh (2 vols., 1913–30), on the Mishneh Torah of Maimonides. He was a critic for the literary periodical Tel-Talpiyyot issued in Vacz under the editorship of R. David Zevi Katzburg, in which, in 1904, he expressed his opposition to Zionism and the Mizrachi, although at the same time he supported the old yishuv in Jerusalem.
Kaiser Franz Joseph I (1830-1916, Emperor from 1848 until 1916), son of the Austrian Archduke Franz Karl and the Bavarian Princess Sophie. Became Austro-Hungarian Emperor in 1848 after the abdication of his uncle Emperor Ferdinand I. In 1854 Franz Joseph married Duchess Elisabeth in Bavaria (also Princess of Bavaria through her mother's side of the family), who became Elisabeth of Austria ("Sisi" or "Sissi"). Their only son, Crown Prince Rudolf, committed suicide in 1889 in the famous Mayerling episode with his young mistress Baroness Marie Vetsera. Rudolf's killing of the Baroness Vetsera was an extremely grim chapter in the long line of outbreaks of mental instability in the Habsburg Dynasty caused by their long history of inbreeding.
Franz Joseph took firm moral stands. When Pope Pius IX detained the six year old Jewish boy Edgardo Mortara on account of the claim that a housekeeper had secretly baptized him, Emperor Franz Joseph sent the Pope a plea to return the child to his parents. The Pope refused his request. During his long reign he won popularity among all strata of Jewry in his empire and abroad. Anti-Semites nicknamed him "Judenkaiser." The Jewish masses referred to him as h"rych (ha-keisar, yarum hodo: "the emperor, may his Majesty be exalted"), and many folklorist tales were told of him, among them that the prophet Elijah had promised him a long life. The synagogues were always full for the services held on his birthday, which were also attended by gentile dignitaries. Franz Joseph appreciated the role of the Jews as a sector of the population both devoted to and dependent on the monarchy at a time of growing internal national tensions. On the question of Jewish emancipation he assented to the liberal attitude of the 1848 Revolution. In 1849 he granted the long-withheld recognition to the Vienna community simply by addressing its delegation as its representative (A. F. Pribram (ed.), Urkunden und Akten..., 2 (1918), 549). Francis Joseph signed the decree canceling restrictions on Jewish occupations and ownership of real estate (1860), and the Fundamental Law, which made Jews full citizens of the state (1867). In 1869 he met Jewish representatives in Jerusalem and gave a contribution to enable completion of the Nisan Bak Synagogue (Tiferet Yisrael). When visiting synagogues and other Jewish institutions he would assure Jews of his favor and praise their virtues, such as their devotion to family life and charity. He several times expressed his dislike of anti-Semitism, and in the Lower Austrian Diet called attacks on Jewish physicians a "scandal and disgrace in the eyes of the world" (1892). He twice refused to confirm the anti-Semite Karl Lueger as mayor of Vienna, and on the day he finally did so conferred an order on Moritz Guedemann, the chief rabbi of Vienna. He ennobled 20 Jews during his reign. After World War I many Jews of the former Hapsburg dominions looked back nostalgically to the reign of Franz Joseph as a golden age.