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Bidding Information
Lot #    32432
Auction End Date    12/20/2011 11:53:00 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Tobis
Title (Hebrew)    חיי טוביה
Author    [Apocrypha]
City    Warsaw
Publisher    W. J. Lebenssohna
Publication Date    1839
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   84 pp., 8°, 175:105 mm., nice margins, blue tint paper, light age staining. A good copy not bound.
   Four (in three) parts of the Apocrypha:

The book of Tobit, an honest, upright man of the tribe of Naphtali, who observed the precepts and was exiled to Assyria by Shalmaneser (III?). When he came to the land of his exile and the king of Assyria (Sennacherib) put many of the Jewish exiles to death, Tobit endangered his own life by defying the royal decree and arranging for the burial of the victims. His action came to the knowledge of the government and he was compelled to go into hiding until Esarhadon ascended the throne and Ahikar , Tobit's nephew, was restored to his post as the king's scribe. Tobit then resumed his beneficent activities. It happened that on one occasion, when he had returned from burying an abandoned corpse, and lay down to sleep in his courtyard, bird's droppings fell into his eyes and he became blind. In his distress he remembered that some time before he had lent his relative in Rages of Media ten talents of silver. He therefore requested his son – called Tobias – to claim the money. The young man went in the company of a guide. On the way, as they passed the River Tigris, the guide advised him to catch a fish and preserve its heart, liver, and gall. Later as they passed Ecbatana in Media, the guide told him that his kinsman Raguel (Reuel) dwelt there, and that he had an only daughter, Sarah. She had already been married seven times, but the bridegroom had died each time on the night of the wedding, and according to the law of the Torah, since she was the young Tobias' kinswoman she was bespoken to him and not to a stranger. In order to drive away *Ashmedai, the demon who slew the grooms, the guide advised him to burn the heart and liver of the fish. Tobias did as ordered and was successful. His father-in-law, who was glad to see him alive, doubled the duration of the festivities from seven to 14 days. Meanwhile the guide, who had gone to Rages to bring the debt, came back, and they returned together to the home of Tobit the elder. When they reached Nineveh the son smeared the gall on his father's eyes, and his eyesight was restored. Tobit wanted to pay the guide his hire, but then it became known to him that the guide was none other than the angel Raphael, one of the seven angels who carry up prayers to Heaven. The aged Tobit, being aware that the end of Nineveh was near, commanded his son to leave the city and to go to Media after his father's death, which he did.

Susanna and the Elders, apocryphal work added to the canonical Book of Daniel in ancient versions. The story of Susanna (whose name means "lily") concerns the virtuous and beautiful wife of a prosperous Jew of Babylon, named Joakim. Unjustly accused by two Jewish elders of having committed adultery, and condemned to death, she is proved innocent when the elders, interrogated by Daniel, disagree about the tree under which the adultery allegedly took place. In accord with Deuteronomy 19:18–19 the elders were executed, and God and Daniel are praised for Susanna's vindication.

Bel and the Dragon, two stories appearing in different versions in the Apocrypha, the Septuagint, and Theodotion; they appear as a continuation of the Book of Daniel. In "Bel," Daniel challenged the divinity of the idol Bel, which was reputed to eat and drink. By scattering ashes on the temple floor, he revealed the footprints of the priests who secretly removed the sacrifices placed before the idol. As a result the Persian king, Cyrus, destroyed the idol and killed the priests. In "The Dragon," Daniel caused the death of a dragon worshiped by the Babylonians, by feeding it a mixture of pitch, fat, and hair. Thrown into the lion's den at the crowd's demand, Daniel was miraculously unharmed and survived for a week without food, after which he was fed by the prophet Habakkuk who was miraculously transported to Babylon. The king thereupon praised God and had Daniel's accusers thrown to the lions who devoured them.

Paragraph 2    כולל ארבעה ספורי קדם ... חיי טוביה הצדיק בנינוה, מעשה שושנה בבבל, הריסת בל אליל בבל, מיתת תנין אליל בבל, [שניהם] ע"י דניאל. נעתק ללשון הקודש ומתורגם יידיש דייטש בהעתקה חפשית ... מאת יצחק בהמנוח מהו' דוד זיבנבערגר.

בטופס שראינו חסר בין השער לעמ' 7. עברית עם תרגום ליידיש, באותיות צו"ר. התרגום למטה מהעברית. בראש הספר מבוא מאת המהדיר, שהוסיף גם מעט ביאורים קצרים.

   EJ; CD-EPI 0322587 (inc. copy)
Associated Images
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Listing Classification
19th Century:    Checked
Russia-Poland:    Checked
Other:    Apocrypha
Blue Paper:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew, Judeo-German
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica