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Bidding Information
Lot #    32637
Auction End Date    12/20/2011 1:35:30 PM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Hokhmat Adam (Man's Wisdom)
Title (Hebrew)    חכמת אדם
Author    [Expanded Ed.] R. Abraham Danziger
City    Vilna (Vilnius)
Publisher    מנחם מן בן ברוך [ראם] ושמחה זימל בן מנחם נחום
Publication Date    1828
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   Second and expanded edition. [3], 90; [1], 42 ff., 2°, 385:214 mm., wide margins, usual light age staining, old hand on title. A very good copy bound in contemporary boards, rubbed.
   R. Abraham b. Jehiel Michal Danzig (Danziger) (1748–1820), was born in Danzig, he studied in Prague at the yeshivot of R. Joseph Liebermann and R. Ezekiel Landau. True to his family tradition, he refused to derive any material gain from his studies and earned his livelihood as a merchant. Although required at times to travel long distances to trade fairs in Germany, he continued to learn with great devotion. From 1794 to 1812 he served as dayyan in Vilna, in an honorary capacity; only in his old age, after losing his possessions, was he obliged to accept remuneration for his services. Danzig wrote a number of halakhic works, but his fame rests upon two publications: Hayyei Adam ("Man's Life"), covering all the laws of the Shulhan Arukh dealing with daily conduct, based on the Orah Hayyim sections, with an addendum called Nishmat Adam, in which he justified his decisions which were not in accordance with the accepted view (Vilna, 1810); and

Hokhmat Adam ("Man's Wisdom") covering all the laws of the Shulhan Arukh dealing with the dietary regulations etc. contained in the Yoreh De'ah section, with an addendum called Binat Adam, which included discussions on various relevant halakhic subjects and responsa (Vilna, 1812).

Both works were initially intended for youthful students and for educated laymen not fully versed in rabbinic literature who, in attempting to determine Jewish law, found themselves unable to grapple with the intricacies of the Shulhan Arukh and with its maze of conflicting opinions. In these works, Danzig shows himself possessed of considerable pedagogical talent. He arranges the laws methodically, defines his terms lucidly and precisely, presents the various views and their sources, and renders his own decisions and his reasons for them - all in clear, simple language. The pleasant tenor of his writing, which is suffused with unquestioning faith and true piety, contributed largely toward the acceptance of his works.

Hayyei Adam appeared in almost a hundred editions. Groups called "Hevrot Hayyei Adam" were formed in several communities for the regular study of the code. Danzig's merits as a codifier were recognized also by renowned rabbis and codifiers, who gave due consideration to his decisions. His books include much of historical interest with regard to the daily life of Lithuanian Jewry in his generation.

Paragraph 2    נדפס פעם שני בהוספות רבות בכל הלכה והלכה ...

דף [2,ב-3,א]: הקדמת ר' ישראל (ב"ר אליעזר [גינצבורג]) מ"ץ דווילנא, אשר ערך מהדורה זו. כותב בין השאר: "מוהר"ר אברהם דנציג ... עשה מהדורא תנינא ... ויגוע וימת ... ביום ד תשרי תקפ"א ... ונפתחה את אמתחת כתביו ... והנה שם ... כמה שו"ת וכמה כתבים ... נוסף על כ"י קדשו אשר נכתב על גליון חבוריו הנדפסים ... וראיתי ... לכתוב ההגהות שעל הגליון והנוספו' חוץ מזה הכל בפנים על מקומם הראוי להם ... וגם כמה דינים אשר מצאתי בפוסקים ... אשר לא הביא המחבר דעתם וסברתם הבאתי ג"כ בחיבור הזה וכתבתי בפנים על שמם ... כי נדרשתי ממנו בעודנו חי כמה פעמים להשגיח על חבוריו הנדפסים אחריו שיוכתבו כל ההגהות וכל הנוספות הכל בפנים וגם שיוכתב בפנים כל דבר ששמעתי מפיו השייך לחיבור הזה". דיני יין נסך ועבודה זרה (כלל עה-פח וסי' א ב יב בכלל פט) נשמטו, ומשום כך נשתנה הסימון: כלל פט (יח סימנים) הפך לכלל עה (ובו טו סימנים). הכלל האחרון, קעב, הפך לכלל קנח. יש גם השמטות מטעם הצנזור. מעבר לשער חלק ב: "שיר מספד על מות המחבר ... מאתי ... צמח סג"ל לנדא מגיה". פותח: מורה אהוב למה עזבתנו. על שינויים בין המהדורות עיין: צפונות, גליון ד, תמוז תשמ"ט, עמ' מד.

הסכמה: ר' אברהם אבלי ב"ר אברהם שלמה [פוסבולר], ווילנא, ד מנחם אב תקפ"ח.

   CD-EPI 0177493; EJ; Vinograd, Vilna 223
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Listing Classification
19th Century:    Checked
Russia-Poland:    Checked
Halacha:    Checked
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica