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Bidding Information
Lot #    6445
Auction End Date    1/13/2004 1:44:00 PM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Zemah Zedek
Title (Hebrew)    שו'ת צמח צדק
Author    [First Ed.] R. Menachem Mendel Krochmal
City    Amsterdam
Publisher    David de Castro
Publication Date    1675
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   First edition. [1], 11, [1 blank], 5-196 f., quartro, 184:145 mm., usual light age staining, nice margins, old stamps on fly. A very good copy bound in contemporary half cloth boards, rubbed.
   Responsa that throw light on Jewish suffering during the Thirty Years' War (1618–1648), especially those dealing with agunot (nos. 42, 45, 57, 58, 59, 70, 78, 88, 101, 103, 106, 123, 127). Several responsa dealing with organizational problems in the communities (nos. 1, 2, 16, 18, 19, 24, 28, 34, 37, 109) reveal the Author's independent attitude vis-a-vis plutocratic communal leadership and his sympathy with the poorer classes.

R. Menachem Mendel b. Abraham Krochmal (c. 1600–1661), chief rabbi of Moravia. A native of Cracow and pupil of R. Joel Sirkes, in his youth he was already the leader of a circle of scholars which included R. Gershon Ashkenazi (Uli), who later became his son-in-law and succeeded him as Landesrabbiner, and R. Menahem Mendel Auerbach. From 1630 he attended the Council of Four Lands and in 1636 became rabbi of Kromeriz (Kremsier). In 1646 he was in Cracow but became rabbi of Prostejov (Prossnitz) in the same year. Two years later he was elected rabbi of Mikulov (Nikolsburg), and Landesrabbiner of Moravia in 1650, an appointment he held until his death. Krochmal presided over several synods of Moravian Jewry and formulated the Shai Takkanot which regulated the organization of the Moravian communities until the 1848 revolution.

Paragraph 2    ... חברו... ר' מנחם מענדל אשר אור תורתו היה זורח בק"ק ניקלשפורג וכל מדינת מערהרין. ואחר מותו זכה (להוסיף נופך ולהגיה)... והוציאם לאור עולם בנו... ר' ארי' יהודא ליב בן הממלא מקום אביו... דף קפט-קצו: קונטריס אחרון מבן המחבר... ר' יהודא ליווא... ר"מ ואב"ד דק"ק ניקלשבורג וכל הגליל. כולל שלוש תשובות (סי' קכז-קכט) והערות והגהות לספר, נוסף על אלו שנדפסו בפנים.
   CD-EPI 0165086; Vinograd, Amsterdam 419 (wrong pagination); Fuchs, Holland 462 ; EJ
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Listing Classification
17th Century:    Checked
Holland:    Checked
Responsa:    Checked
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica