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Bidding Information
Lot #    6754
Auction End Date    3/2/2004 11:00:00 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Bet Yisrael
Title (Hebrew)    בית ישראל
Author    [First Ed.]R. Zevi Hirsch Eichenstein of Zhidachov
City    [Lemberg]
Publication Date    1834
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   First edition. [1], 32; 31-34, [1 marked 40] ff., 231:190 mm., wide margins, old stamps on title, usual age staining. A vey good copy bound in contemporary half cloth and marbled paper boards, rubbed.
Paragraph 1    .
   Kabbalistic and Chassidic essays on the five books of the Torah. On the final ff. a kabbalistic essay on tefillin and on the tefillin of Rabbenu Tam.

R. Zevi Hirsch Eichenstein of Zhidachov (1785–1831), the dynasty's founder and most outstanding personality, was born in the village of Safrin, Hungary. In his youth he was known as a brilliant Torah scholar and while still a young man, he devoted himself mainly to the study of the Kabbalah. Under the influence of his brother, R. Moses of Sambor (d. 1840), he became a Hasid and the outstanding disciple of R. Jacob Isaac ha-Hozeh ("the Seer") of Lublin. In addition, R. Zevi Hirsch studied with R. Moses Leib of Sasov, whom he also considered to be his mentor, and with R. Baruch of Medzhibezh, among others. Only after the death of R. Jacob Isaac of Lublin did he become the leader of a large hasidic community. His unique approach to Hasidism, which aroused the opposition of other hasidic leaders, consisted in strengthening the kabbalistic-philosophical foundation of the movement. He wrote a number of important works on mysticism, and his disciples and followers were distinguished from other streams of Hasidism by their open and dedicated study of the system of R. Isaac Luria, whose thought they considered to be a direct forerunner of Hasidism. R. Zevi Hirsch saw Hasidism as the means by which the ideals of the important later kabbalists could be put into practice, and, in addition, he maintained that no understanding of Hasidism was possible without a deep knowledge of Kabbalah. Among his numerous disciples were his brother, R. Judah Zevi of Rozdol, and his nephew, R. Isaac Eizik of Komarno. The well-known Malbim (R. Meir Leib b. Jehiel of Michael) studied Kabbalah under R. Zevi Hirsch. The 11th of Tammuz, the date of R. Zevi Hirsch's passing, became a day of celebration, when his disciples, admirers, and the adherents of closely related hasidic sects made a pilgrimage to his grave.

Paragraph 2    (על התורה ... נח ... חיי שרה ... תולדות ... ויצא ... וישלח ... ויצא ... יתרו ... קדושים) מאת ... ר' צבי הירש מזידושטוב[!] (המביא לבה"ד ח"ב [חתן בן] המחבר ... יוסף הכהן ראפאפורט ... חתן המחבר ... ר' יהודא צבי [אייכנשטיין] אב"ד דראזדיל, בן ... מוה' משה נ"י אחי המחבר ... טרח ויגע להגיהם).

דף לא-לד, [1]: דרוש נחמד בענין תפילין. מעבר לשער הקדמת ר' יוסף הכהן ראפאפורט. כותב בין השאר: "אדמו"ר ח"ז [חותני זקני]... בעוד היותו בחיים ... תלמידיו ... התאוו ... להעתיק הקונטרסי' אשר על התורה ... גם הוא ... נתן להם הכתבים אחד אחד להעתיקם. ויהי בהלקח ארון אלקים ... נשארו הקונטרסים ת"י [תחת יד] התלמידים אחת הנה ואחת הנה, אשר על כן שנסתי מתני ... לקבצם ... ואמרתי לחבר ... את בית ישראל. ואפס קצהו תראו ... לאשר עוד מפוזרים אנה ואנה. והי' כאשר יזכני ד' למצוא הנשארים, חלילה לי ... מחדול להביאם לפניכם". בספר הערות שבראשן: א"ה [אמר המגיה, או: אמר המעתיק].

   Vinograd, Lemberg 534; EJ; CD-EPI 0176727
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Listing Classification
19th Century:    Checked
Russia-Poland:    Checked
Hasidic:    Checked
Homiletics:    Checked
Kabbalah:    Checked
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica