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Bidding Information
Lot #    6885
Auction End Date    3/2/2004 3:22:00 PM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Cal Melehet Higgayon
Title (Hebrew)    כל מלאכת הגיון לארסטוטלו'
Author    [First Ed.] Averroes
City    Riva de Trento
Publisher    [Antonio Bruin]
Publication Date    1559
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   First edition. 68 ff., 138:84 mm., old hands and stamps on title, usual light age staining, small tear in f. 3 touching several letters. A good copy bound in modern leather boards, tooled in gilt.
   Aristotle's work abridged by Averroes and translated to Hebrew.

Averroes (Abu al-Walid Muhammad ibn Rushd; 1126–1198), one of the greatest Islamic philosophers and a noted physician. Averroes, who lived in Spain, is primarily known as commentator on Aristotle's works. While Averroes had little influence on Islamic thought, Latin and Hebrew translations of his works made him a central figure in Christian and Jewish philosophy from the 13th century on.

In late medieval Jewish philosophy, Averroes became, next to Maimonides, the most important influence in the field. He arrived at this stature by means of the Hebrew translations of his works. Jewish philosophers describe him by such appellations as "the great sage," "the chief of the commentators [on Aristotle]," and "the soul and the intellect of Aristotle." Among Jewish philosophers there were some who tried to harmonize Averroes' teachings with those of Judaism, while there were others who had a purely philosophic interest in his views. Since Maimonides and Averroes disagreed on certain philosophic topics, some Jewish philosophers also attempted to reconcile their divergent views.

The Hebrew printing press in Riva, which was active between 1558 and 1562 and produced about 35 titles. The press owed its success to the cooperation of three men: Cardinal Cristoforo Madruzzo, bishop of Trent, who had jurisdiction over the town and whose coat-of-arms appears on many of the Riva publications; R. Joseph b. Nathan Ottolenghi, rabbi and rosh yeshivah at Cremona; and Jacob Marcaria, dayyan and physician, also of Cremona, who was the printer and contributed learned prefaces to his productions.

Paragraph 2    חיבור של אריסטו', מקוצר על ידי אבן-רושד. מעבר לשער הקדמת המגיה "הרופא ... יעקב מרקריאה". המקור: הספר היווני קובץ כתביו של אריסטו' בתורת ההגיון, הידוע בשם: (אותיות יווניות). קיצורו הערבי של אבן-רשד (נשתמר באותיות עבריות): אלצ'רורי פי אלמנטק. התרגום העברי מאת ר' יעקב בן מכיר. הושלם ביום ה או ד כסליו שנת ה' נ (20 או 19 בנובמבר 1289).
   CD-EPI 0106505
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Listing Classification
16th Century:    Checked
Italy:    Checked
Other:    Philosophy
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica