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Bidding Information
Lot #    6896
Auction End Date    3/2/2004 3:50:48 PM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Noda bi-Yhudah
Title (Hebrew)    נודע ביהודה
Author    R. Ezekiel Landau
City    [Russia - Poland]
Publication Date    c. 1810
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   [4], 60, 50, 27-31; [1], 70, 8, [8], 18, 21-26, [11] ff., 365:220 mm., wide margins, light age and damp staining, blue paper. A very good copy bound in modern boards.
   Important responsa frequently published with glosses and commentaries by some of the greatest rabbis of succeeding generations.

R. Ezekiel b. Judah Landau (1713–1793), halakhic authority of the 18th century, known as the Noda bi-Yhudah, after one of his works. Landau was born in Opatow, Poland, and received his talmudic education in Vladimir-Volinski and Brody. He was endowed with qualities which make him one of the most famous rabbis of the close of the classical Ashkenazi rabbinic era. He came from a wealthy and distinguished family tracing its descent back to Rashi. He had a commanding appearance and rare intellectual ability, was of strong character imbued with a love of truth and of his fellow men, and had considerable diplomatic skill. By nature he was an intellectual ascetic whose main interest lay in the study and teaching of Torah. In his time he was regarded as the prototype of the ideal Jew. At the age of 21 he was already dayyan of Brody, and at 30 rabbi of Yampol. From there he received a call in 1754 to become rabbi of Prague and the whole of Bohemia, one of the highest positions of that time. His famous proclamation of 1752, whose purpose was to put an end to the notorious Emden-Eybeschuetz controversy, which split the Jewish world into two, helped in no small measure in his obtaining this appointment. His tenure of the Prague rabbinate enabled Landau to give practical effect to his outstanding qualities. It afforded ample scope for his rabbinic and communal activity both in Prague itself and beyond. He acted as judge, teacher, and mentor of the community. In his capacity as rabbi of Bohemia, he represented the Jews before the Austrian government. In his great yeshivah, he taught hundreds of students, the cream of Jewish youth from Austria and surrounding countries.

The Hebrew printing press in Russia was established in the mid 18th century. States, large and small, in these regions wanted to prevent the importation of Hebrew books and the resulting drain on their capital resources. In addition, the increasing severity of the church-state censorship - severer than it ever was in other parts of Europe, in a region that had not known such censorship before - made it desirable to them to have Hebrew presses under their immediate supervision. For both these reasons the setting up of local Hebrew presses was encouraged. A more positive cause of the rise of these presses was the efflorescence of Talmud study in the growing number of yeshivot in Lithuania and Poland as well as of Hasidism and its literature, creating an ever larger demand for Hebrew books.

Unfortunately, the poverty in these areas meant a lowering of the standards of printing and book production. Many of these popular volumes have perished over time as a result of heavy use by Russian-Polish rabbinical scholars. Furthermore, the constant harassment and Anti-Semitic pogroms by the Russian nobility, forced the Jews to continue moving from place to place, from village to village, any religious items left behind were destroyed by the plundering masses - Hebrew books were easy victims of these murderers.

Paragraph 2    מהדורא תניינא ... כרך א-ב. על-פי פראג תקע"א, עם הפרט של הוצאה זו. מהדורא קמא לא נדפסה בהוצאה זו? נייר כחול.
   CD-EPI 0142094
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Listing Classification
19th Century:    Checked
Russia-Poland:    Checked
Halacha:    Checked
Responsa:    Checked
Blue Paper:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica