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Bidding Information
Lot #    6969
Auction End Date    3/30/2004 11:50:00 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Berit Emet
Title (Hebrew)    ברית אמת
Author    [Only Ed. - Haskalah - Polemic] David Caro
City    Dessau
Publication Date    1820
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   Only edition. [1], 146 pp., 202:118 mm., light staining. A good copy bound in moderm half cloth boards.
   Published during the controversy over the Hamburg Reform Temple, using the pseudonym "Amittai ben Avida Ahizedek" and with the false imprint "Constantina" (Constantinople). The book is divided into three sections: (a) letters to friends on questions of religion and ethics; (b) a defense of the changes introduced in the reformed synagogues; (c) a criticism of the pamphlet Elleh Divrei ha-Berit which had been published in 1818 by the leading Orthodox rabbis in Western Europe, attacking the Hamburg Temple. The second part, called Berit ha-Kehunnah, o Tekhunat ha-Rabbanim, strongly criticizes the state of the contemporary rabbinate. This was the first open attack by a Haskalah writer upon the rabbinate of his time.

David Caro, (c. 1782–1839), Hebrew writer and educator, was born in Fordon, Poland, he was attracted to the Haskalah movement at an early age and in 1800 moved to Posen where he joined the local group of maskilim and took a special interest in problems of education. His article "Giddul Banim" ("Bringing up Children," Ha-Me'assef, 9 and 10, 1810–11) is one of the best articles about education in the Hebrew literature of the period. In 1815, he founded the first Jewish school in Posen where German was the language of instruction and where general subjects comprised most of the curriculum. He conducted the school according to the pedagogic innovations of his time, especially those of Pestalozzi, the Swiss educational reformer.

Paragraph 2    והיא מחברת כוללת דברים בעניני הדת והמנהגים, ותתפרד לשתי מחלקות, האחת תקרא בשם ברית אלהים ותסתעף לשלשה בריתות, 1. ברית אחים, בה יבואו מכתבים ... בעניני הדת והמוסר בכלל, 2. ברית בית אל, בה יבואר היתר מנהגים חדשים בבית תפלות אשר הקימו זה לא כביר בברלין ובהאמבורג. 3. נקם ברית, על שם ביקורה ספר אלה דברי הברית שהוציאו לאור ב"ד דהאמבורג [אלטונא תקע"ט]. והמחלקה השניה (חלק שני) תקרא ברית הכהונה (או תכונת הרבנים, כאשר היו' כאשר המה וכאשר ראוים להיות). בה יבואר ויבוקר מעשי מאשרי בני ישראל מעלתם וחסרונם, ותרופה למחלתם. מאת אמתי בן אבידע אחיצדק [דוד בן יחיאל קארו] ...
   EJ; Vinograd, Dessau 79; CD-EPI 0200871
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Listing Classification
19th Century:    Checked
Germany:    Checked
Polemics:    Checked
Other:    Haskalah
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica