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Bidding Information
Lot #    7066
Auction End Date    3/30/2004 3:06:00 PM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Seder Tikkun Hazot
Title (Hebrew)    סדר תיקון חצות
Author    [Liturgy - Kabbalah] R. Moshe Zacuto
City    Mantua
Publisher    Rafael Hayyim of Italy
Publication Date    1746
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   8 ff., 181:128 mm., wide margins, corners rounded, rubbed, A good copy bound in contemporary wrappers.
   A Tikkun for recital in the High Holiday season at mid-day. Tikkun Hazot is generally recited at midnight in memory of the destruction of the Temple and for the restoration to the Land of Israel. This custom developed from the rabbinic description of God mourning the destruction. It is recorded that during the night He "sits and roars like a lion, exclaiming: `Woe to the children, on account of whose sins I destroyed My house and burnt My temple and exiled them among the nations of the world'" (Ber. 3a). The hour of midnight was chosen because David arose at this hour to study and pray, as it is said, "At midnight I will rise to give thanks unto Thee" (Ps. 119:62; Ber. 3b–4a).

This practice became formalized under the influence of the Kabbalah during the period of R. Isaac Luria. Two separate forms of the service developed known as Tikkun Rahel and Tikkun Le'ah. Tikkun Rahel, consisting of Psalms 137 and 79 and Tehinnot on the destruction of the Temple, is recited on days when Tahanun is said. On the Sabbath, festivals, and days when Tahanun is omitted, Tikkun Le'ah, consisting of more joyful psalms, such as 111 and 126, and selections from the Mishnah (Tamid ch. 1), is recited.

R. Moses Zacuto composed this additional Tikkun for mid-day recital.

Paragraph 2    אשר הנהיג לומר בין המצרים אחר חצות יום החכם... ר' משה זכות... על פי מנטובה ת"ק, בתוספת ביאורים וכוונות על פי הקבלה מספר "שערי ציון". פועל הדפוס: יהושע בן מיכאל מסיצי.
   Vinograd, Mantua 413; EJ
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Listing Classification
18th Century:    Checked
Italy:    Checked
Kabbalah:    Checked
Liturgy:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica