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[First Complete Ed.] R. Isaac Campanton
Christofilo de Zaniti
This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
First complete edition. 14 ff., 185:140 mm., light age staining, wide margins, upper margin trimmed, censors hands on final ff. (uncensored). A very good copy bound in full calf boards.
R. Isaac b. Jacob Campanton (1360–1463), Castilian rabbi. R. Isaac was the head of a yeshivah in Zamora in west Spain, among whose students were R. Isaac de Leon, R. Isaac Aboab II, R. Samuel b. Abraham Valensi, and R. Shem Tov ibn Shem Tov. He laid down methodological rules for the study of the Talmud which had a profound influence. These he summarized in his Darkhei ha-Talmud (called Darkhei ha-Gemara in the Mantua edition of 1593). In this work he departs from the method of previous writers on talmudic methodology, who had merely laid down talmudic rules. R. Isaac systematically and logically explained the proper method of studying the text, and the pedagogical principles to be employed in that study. He was also the first to lay down methodological rules for the study of the rishonim. His system was transmitted by his students to R. Jacob Berab, who introduced it into his yeshivah in Safed. R. Samuel ibn Sid the pupil of R. Isaac de Leon also describes at length in his Kelalei Shemuel the method of study at the yeshivah as laid down by R. Isaac Canpanton. A Darkhei ha-Talmud was first published in Constantinople, 1515–20?; a more complete edition was published in Venice in 1565. R. Isaac also took an active part in communal affairs. In 1450, after the death of Don Abraham Benveniste, he became a member of the committee, along with R. Joseph ibn Shem Tov, the well-known philosopher, and R. Joseph b. Abraham Benveniste, appointed to apportion taxation among the Jews of Castile. He died in Penafiel after undergoing considerable hardships. He appears to have engaged in the study of Kabbalah and miraculous deeds were attributed to him. His kabbalistic doctrine was circulated by his disciples and, in turn, by their disciples. R. Isaac was greatly admired by his contemporaries, both on account of his personality and as a teacher, and he is widely quoted by them in their works on talmudic methodology. The Darkhei ha-Talmud, however, is his only extant work.
מעבר לשער הקדמת המביא לדפוס: "בראותי ... התועלת הנמשך מהספ[ר] המעולה הלז ... למעיינים החרידים על דבר העיון והפלפול לירד בעומקה של הלכה ועומק כל דברי חז"ל בתלמוד בבלי ... וברש"י ותוספת ... יעצוני כליותי ... אני... אברהם בן... כה"ר שלמה יצ"ו דידיע עלון אשר ארץ מולדתי במערב עיר ... דרעה והיום הזה נתישבתי בעיר הקדש צאפת[!]... להקריב אל הדפוס הספר הזה". השורה האחרונה בדף יב חזרה ונדפסה בראש דף יג. ההוצאות הבאות נדפסו בשם: דרכי הגמרא.
CD-EPI 0200843; EJ; JE
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Kind of Judaica