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Bidding Information
Lot #    7620
Auction End Date    7/13/2004 2:00:00 PM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Festival Prayer Books
Title (Hebrew)    מחזור
Author    [Liturgy - Women]
City    Vienna
Publisher    Anton Schmid
Publication Date    1835
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   Two volumes, 35, 404; 305, 9 ff., 217:178 mm., wide margins, light age staining, v. 1 on blue tint paper. A very good set bound in uniform contemporary leather boards, modern spine and endpapers.
   Prayer book for Rosh Hashanah, Yom Kippur and the three holidays, following the rites of Poland, Reizen, Lithuania, Bohemia, Moravia and Hungary. From the title: For the benefit of plainfolk and women we provide Judeo-German commentary for all prayers.

Anton Schmid (1765–1855), Christian publisher of Hebrew books in Vienna and patron of Hebrew literature. Apprenticed to the court printer Kurzbeck, Schmid was sent to the oriental academy to study Hebrew. In accord with the policy of Joseph II to eliminate foreign competition in Hebrew publishing, he was sent to Lvov (Lemberg) to learn typesetting. Schmid showed efficiency and rapidly rose to be manager of the Hebrew department. Thereafter, he established himself as an independent printer of Hebrew books, greatly benefiting from an 1800 ordinance prohibiting the import of Hebrew books by Jews who were themselves excluded from the publishing business. His books, which gained a deservedly high reputation, were bought in the Jewish centers of Galicia and Hungary as well as abroad. Schmid later began publishing books in other oriental languages and in 1823 was ennobled. He published the standard works, the Babylonian Talmud, and Shulhan Arukh, as well as halakhic works and Jewish philosophy.

He employed Jewish typesetters and proofreaders, mainly from Galicia, who were granted special residence permits in Vienna. Among them were many luminaries of Haskalah literature: Salomon Loewensohn, Samson Bloch, Samuel Romanelli, Judah Leib ben Ze'ev, Meir Obernik, and others. In 1820 Schmid encouraged Shalom ha-Cohen to publish the first volume of a yearbook, Bikkurei ha-Ittim ("First Fruit of the Times"), an important element in the development of the Haskalah movement in Austria. Schmid was also the first to print Kerem Hemed, the most important scholarly journal of the time. He donated a collection of all the Hebrew books he had published to the Vienna Jewish community (1814), which became the nucleus of the communal library. The firm was continued by his son Franz, who eventually sold it to the father of Isidor Bush.

Paragraph 2    כמנהג פולין, רייסן, ליטא, פיהם, מעהרין ואונגרין... ולתועלת המון עם והנשים הצגנו התרגום אשכנזי על כל התפלות והפיוטים [באותיות צו"ר]... חלק א-ב.
   CD-EPI 0172696; EJ
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Listing Classification
19th Century:    Checked
Other:    Austria
Liturgy:    Checked
Blue Paper:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica