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Bidding Information
Lot #    8486
Auction End Date    10/19/2004 2:13:00 PM (mm/dd/yyyy)
          
Title Information
Title (English)    Shalosh Megilot
Title (Hebrew)    שלש מגלות
Author    [Bible - Ms. - Liturgy]
City    Hidan, Yemen
Publication Date    19th cent.
          
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
          
Description Information
Physical
Description
   [1], 56 ff., 217:156 mm., ink on paper, light age and use staining, Bible text in neat square block letters surrounded by the Tafsir in neat Yeminite block letters, Rashi text in Rashi letters on the lower section of the page, bound in later boards, rubbed.
          
Detailed
Description
   The three scrolls Song of Songs, Ecclesiastes, Ruth all with Tafsir, Rashi, and cantillation symbols. Initial words of each scroll and running titles in colored frame. Cantillation symbols on the scrolls are beneath the letters while the Tafsir carries then on top of the letters. The three scrolls are recited on the Festive holidays. Song of Songs is read in the Sephardi ritual before the Minhah service on the afternoon of the seventh day of Passover (eighth day outside Israel). In certain communities, the Song of Songs is also read after concluding the Passover Haggadah on seder night. The association of the Song of Songs with Passover is thought to be due to the traditional rabbinic exegesis which interprets the Song as an allegory of the love between G-d and Israel; Passover is the springtime of this love (Song 2:11–13) and the "honeymoon" of G-d and Israel (Jer. 2:2). In many congregations the Song of Songs is also read on Friday evenings before the Kabbalat Shabbat service, at which the "bride," the Sabbath, is welcomed.

Ruth is read on Shavuot, in the Sephardi rituals, it is divided into two parts and recited on both mornings (or afternoons). The association with Shavuot is based on the seasonal reference to "the beginning of the barley harvest" (Ruth 1:22); on the traditional belief that King David - whose genealogy concludes the book (Ruth 4: 17–22 - was born and died on Shavuot (Tos. to Hag. 17a TJ, Bezah 2:4, 61c); and on the parallel drawn between Ruth's embracing the Jewish faith and Israel's accepting the Torah at Mount Sinai on Shavuot.

Ecclesiastes is recited on the intermediary Sabbath of Sukkot, or on the eighth day of the festival (Shemini Azeret), if the latter coincides with a Sabbath. It is read during the morning service before the reading of the Torah. In some oriental rites, it is read in the sukkah. Ecclesiastes (11:2) has been interpreted by some commentators as an allusion to the duty to rejoice during the eight days of Sukkot (cf. Deut. 16:15). The warning (Eccles. 5:3–4) not to defer the fulfillment of vows (including donations to the poor and to the sanctuary) was also thought to be particularly appropriate at the last festival of the annual cycle. Others have suggested that the somber and pessimistic outlook of Ecclesiastes fits the atmosphere of autumn.

For hundreds of years the Yemenite Jewish communities followed their traditional ways of secular and religious life, not being influenced by external trends and currents. Some customs in the Yemenite prayer rites go back to the prayer book of R. Saadiah Ga'on. From the 16th century on the Kabbalah and especially later its Lurianic school and system found its way to Yemen and influenced Jewish literary production in the areas of commentaries to the Bible, prayers, and liturgic poetry. All of this rich history is reflected in this work.

          
Reference
Description
   EJ
        
Associated Images
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Listing Classification
Period
19th Century:    Checked
  
Location
Other:    Yemen
  
Subject
Bible:    Checked
Liturgy:    Checked
  
Characteristic
Language:    Hebrew
  
Manuscript Type
Other:    Prayerbook
  
Kind of Judaica