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Bidding Information
Lot #    8814
Auction End Date    1/11/2005 10:18:00 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Seder Hattarat Nedarim
Title (Hebrew)    סדר התרת נדרים
Author    [Liturgy - Kabbalah - First Ed.]
City    Mantua
Publisher    Eliezer Solomon of Italy
Publication Date    1788
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   First edition of rite. 4 ff., 178:122 mm., light age staining, few minor pinsize wormholes. A very good copy bound as published.
   Hattarat Nedarim (absolution from vows) according to R. Shalom Sharabi and R. Rafael Joseph ibn Rabbi of Jerusalem. The title page states that it is Seder Hattarat Nedarim ve- Seder Hattarat Kallalot from the holy R. Sharabi and R. Rafael Joseph ibn Rabbi (of the Jerusalem bet din) to be said erev Rosh Ha-Shanah and erev Yom ha-Kippur according to the custom of Jerusalem. It gives the location as Ancona and is dated 28 Menahem in the year, “let righteousness spring up תצמיח (548 = Friday, November 9, 1787)” (Isaiah 45:8). The text varies from the current text of Hattarat Nedarim and includes considerable material (tefillot) calling on the name of God not in standard siddurim. This unusual version of Hattarat Nedarim was printed by itself and was not part of a siddur or mahzor, evident from the foliation and the censor’s approval on the title page. It is set in an attractive font in a single column on very fine paper.

R. Shalom Sharabi (1720–1777), Jerusalem kabbalist. Sharabi was born in Sana in Yemen, where the study of Kabbalah and mysticism was widespread. in his youth, he emigrated to Erez Israel via Damascus. In Damascus he was involved in a controversy with the local rabbis concerning the meaning of the minimum quantity ("the size of an olive") prescribed for the eating of mazzah on Passover night. When he arrived in Jerusalem, he prayed and studied at the kabbalistic yeshivah Bet El, which was founded in 1737 by the kabbalist Gedaliah Hayon. There the prayers were held in accordance with the mystical meditations of Isaac Luria. Like the Jerusalem kabbalists, he studied only the Lurianic Kabbalah, as transmitted through the works of R. Hayyim Vital. Soon he became widely known as a man of outstanding piety and as a kabbalist. R. Sharabi succeeded Gedaliah Hayon as head of the yeshivah after the latter's death (1751). During his leadership, he did much for the yeshivah, initiated important regulations and arranged the order of prayer. He became known as one of the greatest rabbis in Jerusalem and his signature appears on several documents preserved from this period. In 1754 and 1758, he and other rabbis of Jerusalem signed the note binding the association of kabbalists, Ahavat Shalom. In 1774 he signed next to the leaders of the community of Jerusalem on a letter for emissaries to Western Europe.

R. Sharabi's life was embellished by legends even from his youth, and in Erez Israel he was famous as a saint and miracle worker. Popular tradition links his departure from Yemen with a miracle that occurred after a rich Muslim woman tried to seduce him. In Bet El he worked as a servant and hid his learning from others; only miraculously was his deep knowledge of Kabbalah discovered and he became a member of the kabbalistic circle. According to legend, the prophet Elijah appeared to him and he was an incarnation of Luria. After his death, his name became greatly revered among the Jews of Jerusalem and among the kabbalists of Bet El. The members of Bet El used to prostrate themselves on his grave on the Mount of Olives on the commemoration of his death. His signature was Shalom Mizrahi di-Ydi'a Sharabi and his titles Ha-Reshash or Ha-Shemesh (both are Hebrew acronyms of Shalom Mizrahi Sharabi).

Paragraph 2    ... והתרת קללות מהר' ... שלום שרעבי זלה"ה. על יד ... שליחא דרחמנא כמוהר"ר רפאל יוסף ן' רבי נר"ו. נפשי אותה להעלותו על מזבח הדפוס למען עשה כסדר הזה בערב ר"ה ובערב יוה"כ ... כמנהג עיר הקדש ירושלים ... פה אנקונא ... הצעיר ... יואל חמיץ פונסיקה ס"ט.
   EJ; Vin Mantua 556; CD-EPI 0182613
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Listing Classification
18th Century:    Checked
Italy:    Checked
Kabbalah:    Checked
Liturgy:    Checked
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica