||One of the earliest works promoting the settlement of Jews in Erez Israel by an observant Jew.
R. Natan Friedland (1808–1883), rabbi, precursor of the Hibbat Zion movement. Born in Taurage, Lithuania, Friedland studied in various Lithuanian yeshivot. The Damascus Affair (1840) made a deep impression on him. He believed that the redemption of the Jewish people could be realized gradually, as a natural process, and periods of liberalism and progress should be used to achieve this. The miraculous redemption would ultimately occur with the arrival of the Messiah. Friedland was unaware that some of his contemporaries held similar views (e.g., Judah Alkalai), and he spread his ideas verbally in Belorussia, Lithuania, and Germany, where he met Zevi Kalischer. In 1859 he published two parts of his work Kos Yeshu'ah u-Nehamah ("Cup of Salvation and Comfort"), in which he expounded his theories. Friedland met Adolphe Cremieux and Albert Cohen in Paris, and presented petitions from Kalischer and himself to Napoleon III, who granted him an audience. Sir Moses Montefiore, whom he met in London, refused to cooperate with him. Friedland published a new edition of Kalischer's work Derishat Ziyyon, adding his own notes and essays. Friedland was an emissary of Hevrah le-Yishuv Erez Israel ("Society for the Settlement of Erez Israel"), established by Kalischer, and collected funds for it in Germany. During his visit to Holland, he handed the Dutch government a petition requesting their support for the restoration of Erez Israel to the Jews. His greatest work, Yosef Hen, expounding his views, was published in a shortened version (1879). At the end of his life, he witnessed the beginnings of aliyah to Erez Israel from Rumania and Russia. In 1882 he went to Erez Israel from London and died in Jerusalem.
||תוכו רצוף אהבה מגדולי שלומי אמוני ישראל... שוחרי אדמת קדש... נעתרתי להדפיסם לבקשת נכבדי עם סוחרי המדינה אשר ברוסי'... הבאים בברית... בחברת יישוב הארץ... מאתי... נתן במו"ר יוסף פרידלאנד...
הסכמות: ר' אלי' [גוטמאכר], גרידץ, ב דראש-חודש תמוז תרכ"ד;
ר' יעקב צבי ב"ר גמליאל מעקלענבורג, קעניגסבערג, ל"ג למב"י [יח אייר] תרכ"ד;
ר' גושי ב"ר משה, ווערבלאווי, כח למב"י [יג באייר] תרכ"ד;
ר' משה מיכאל ליכטענשטיין מילדי לאבראנץ דאין ומורה בהמבורג (עמ' 92)