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Bidding Information
Lot #    8882
Auction End Date    1/11/2005 11:26:00 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
          
Title Information
Title (English)    Peri Ez Hadar (
Title (Hebrew)    פרי עץ הדר
Author    [Liturgy - Kabbalah]
City    Leghorn
Publication Date    1823
          
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
          
Description Information
Physical
Description
   32 ff., 154:105 mm., wide margins, usual light age staining, faded stamp on title. A very good copy bound in the original paper wrappers.
          
Detailed
Description
   Kabbalistic liturgies for festival of the New Year of Trees, the fifteenth of Shevat, commonly reffered to as Tu bi-Shevat. According to Bet Hillel, the 15th of Shevat marked the beginning of the separation of the tithes of fruit (RH 1:1). This date was chosen because most of the annual rain in Erez Israel falls before the 15th of Shevat (RH 14a, TJ, RH 1:2, 57a); consequently the fruits of those trees which blossom after the 15th of Shevat are considered to belong to another year for the levying of tithes and for the prohibitions of orlah (see: Lev. 19:23–25; Maim. Yad, Terumot 5:11; ibid., Ma'aser Sheni 19:9–10). The New Year of Trees is regarded as a minor or semi-holiday for liturgical purposes; no penitential prayers are said and fasting is not permitted. In the Ashkenazi communities in Europe it was customary to eat 15 different kinds of fruits on the 15th of Shevat; special preference was given to the kinds of fruit grown in Erez Israel. The eating of fruits was accompanied by the recital of Psalm 104 and of the 15 "ascending" psalms (nos. 120–34). In many communities the children had no school on this day. The Sephardi Jews gave the New Year of Trees a greater significance. Under the influence of the kabbalists of Safed in the 16th century the Sephardi liturgy and customs for this festival were expanded. From Safed the liturgy spread to Sephardi communities in Europe (Turkey, Italy, Greece) and, finally, to Sephardi centers in other parts of Europe, Asia, and North Africa. Among Sephardi Jews this day as called The Feast of Fruits and the special poems sung were called "complas." A special order of service for the 15th of Shevat, Hemdat ha-Yamim, was believed to have been compiled by Nathan of Gaza. It was modeled on the Passover seder and included drinking four cups of wine. This liturgy, expanded by additional poems, piyyutim for the Amidah on the 15th of Shevat, and readings from the Scriptures and midrashic literature, was collected and published under the name Peri Ez Hadar ("Citrus Fruit," 1753).
          
Paragraph 2    והוא סדר ט"ו בשבט... ובסופו... סדר הדלקת נר חנוכה ותפלה פשוטה להדלקתה ותפלה לשבת שקלים ותפלה לשבת זכור.

בשער: בדפוס החדש של החכם... יעקב טובייאנא נר"ו והגביר המחזיק בידו מגן דו"ד. על פי ליוורנו תקע"ט.

          
Reference
Description
   CD-EPI 0303779; EJ
        
Associated Images
3 Images (Click thumbnail to view full size image):
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Listing Classification
Period
19th Century:    Checked
  
Location
Italy:    Checked
  
Subject
  
Kabbalah:    Checked
Liturgy:    Checked
  
Characteristic
Bindings:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
  
Manuscript Type
  
Kind of Judaica