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Bidding Information
Lot #    8927
Auction End Date    1/11/2005 12:09:30 PM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Ordnung der Oeffentlichen Andacht
Title (Hebrew)    סדר העבודה
Author    [Reform - First Liturgy]
City    Hamburg
Publisher    Isaac Seckel Fraenkel and Meyer Israel Bresselau
Publication Date    1819
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   First Reform liturgy book. X, 356, 65-96 pp., 193:110 mm., nice crisp margins in gild, light age and damp staining, lacks pp. 97-108, pp. 135-138 from a shorter copy with loss. A good copy bound in contemporary leather boards, spine split.
   Prayer book for the new reform movement, incorporating in one work changes already made in practice. There is a German title page which'states that it is the service for Sabbath and festivals for the New Temple, a dedication in that language to Israel Jacobson, a wealthy philanthropist and supporter of reformer, a preface by Fraenkel and Bresselau, a table of contents and then the text. The text is bilingual, Hebrew and German, the former at the top of the page, the latter below. There are also pages entirely in German.

The Hamburg Reform temple was dedicated in 1818, and in 1819 this prayer book was published to accord with the liturgical ritual of the new congregation. It abbreviates the Hebrew service by omitting prayers deemed unimportant by the compilers, modifies prayers to eliminate mention of a personal Messiah for a Messianic era, omits and modifies some but not all prayers referring to the ingathering of all Jews to Erez Israel. Seder ha-Avodah aroused considerable opposition and passion, being considered by many as pure heresy and resulted in polemics trom both sides. Seder ha-Avodah is an important work documenting the change trom traditional services to those of Reform.

Isaac Seckel Fraenkel, (1765-1835) was a banker. Self-educated. He acquired extensive knowledge of religious and secular subjects and of ancient and modern languages. In 1798 he moved to Hamburg where he engaged in banking and became one of the community leaders, particularly in its Reform congregation. His main literary project was the translation of the Apocrypha into Hebrew, entitled Ketuvim Aharonim. This work has frequently been reprinted since its first appearance in Leipzig (1830), its most recent edition appearing in Jerusalem in 1966. A bibliophile edition of the Books of the Maccabees, Sefer ha-Hashmona'im, appeared in Fraenkel's translation in 1964.

Meyer Israel Bresselau, (d. 1839), a leader of the Reform movement. was the state notary for the Jews of Hamburg. In answer to EUeh Divrei ha-Berit (Altona, 1819), a pamphlet which collated the views of the greatest Orthodox rabbis of Western Europe against Reform Judaism and its innovations, he published anonymously his polemic work Herev Nokemet Nekam-Berit (Dessau, 1819). It is a rhymed work written in a satirical biblical style, is remarkable in its witty take-off on the Orthodox rabbis who opposed the reforms in the Hamburg Reform synagogue (temple). It ranks among the best Hebrew polemic literature written at the time of the Haskalah. To counteract Bresselau's polemic work M. L. Reinitz published Lahat ha-Herev ha-Mithappekhet (1820).

Paragraph 2    לשבתות השנה ומועדי ה' מקראי קדש, כמנהג קהל בית חדש אשר בהמבורג. נדפס במצות ובהוצאות זעקל פרענקל ומאיר ברעסלויא.

Ordnung der Oeffentlichen Andacht fur die Sabbath und Festtage des ganzen Jahres. Nach dem Gebrauche des Neuen Tempel Vereins in Hamburg.

נדפס משמאל לימין. סידור בלתי מסורתי: רוב התפילות נשמטו או קוצרו. בעריכת פרנקל וברסלוי. עם תרגום לגרמנית. חלק גדול מתפילות הקבע בגרמנית בלבד. כן נוספו שירים בגרמנית. הנוסח העברי מושפע מהסידור כמנהג הספרדים. בין השאר, נשמטה תפילת "קבלת שבת" ובתפילת מוסף נשמטה הבקשה לבנין בית המקדש והחזרת הקרבנות. זו המהדורה הראשונה של סדר התפילה של "קהל בית חדש" ה"טמפל" בהאמבורג. המהדורות הבאות: המבורג 1845 ,1841. על הסידור והפולמוס שעורר עיין: ש' ברנפלד, תולדות הריפורמציון הדתית בישראל, ורשה תרפ"ג, עמ' 73 ואילך; י"מ אלבוגן, התפילה בישראל בהתפתחותה ההיסטורית, תל אביב תשל"ב, עמ' 299-297; מ' סמט, השינויים בסדרי בית הכנסת, אסופות, ה, תשנ"א, עמ' שסט ואילך.

   EJ; Vinograd, Hamburg 132; Waxman, Literature, 3 pp. 352, 408; CD-EPI 0320200
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Listing Classification
19th Century:    Checked
Germany:    Checked
Liturgy:    Checked
Reform:    Checked
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    German, Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica