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Bidding Information
Lot #    9033
Auction End Date    1/11/2005 1:54:00 PM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Nishmat Adam
Title (Hebrew)    נשמת אדם
Author    R. Aaron Samuel ben Moses Shalom of Kremnitz
City    Wilhermsdorf
Publisher    Hirsch ben Hayyim of Fuerth
Publication Date    1732
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   Second edition. 32 ff., 185:160 mm., nice margins, light age staining. A very good copy bound in later half leather boards, rubbed.
   Ethical work on the principles of faith by R. Aaron Samuel ben Moses Shalom of Kremnitz. The title page has rows of florets and, at the top, the verse, “The spirit (nishmat) of man is the candle of the Lord” (Proverbs 20:27). It is dated with the chronogram, “O how I love your Torah! It is my meditation all the day” (Psalms 119:97). There is an approbation signed by R. Isaiah ben Abraham Horowitz, R. Moses Bachrach, R. Samuel ben Abraham Alisos, R. Aaron ben Joshua Moses Luria, R. Ezriel ben Ish Hai of ולהויזן, rabbis in Frankfort, and a second approbation from R. Elia ben Moses Luntz, Hanua. The approbations are followed by R. Aaron Samuel’s introduction (2a-3a) and the text, in a single column in rabbinic type, excepting headers and initial words, which are in square letters. The text is accompanied by marginal notes. Nishmat Adam is divided into ten chapters. The subject matter is the origin and essence of the soul, purpose of man's existence, the future world, and rewards and punishments (divine retribution).

R. Aaron Samuel ben Moses Shalom of Kremnitz was a pupil of R. Ephraim Solomon ben Aaron Luntschits (1550-1619) when the latter was rabbi at Lemberg. R. Aaron Samuel was forced to emigrate to Germany as a youth. Toward the end of 1606 he was preaching in Fuerth. In 1611 he was in Eibelstadt (not, as often stated, Eisenstadt), Lower Franconia, where he wrote Nishmat Adam. In 1615 he became rabbi in Fulda, where he wrote an introduction and notes to a homily on the Decalogue by R. Baruch Axelrod (Hanau, 1616). In Nishmat Adam R. Aaron Samuel mentions three unpublished works on ethical and religio-philosophical problems (Be'er Sheva. Or Torah. and Ein Mishpat), as well as novellae to the Talmud, entitled Kitvei Kodesh.

Paragraph 2    ... יסדתי וחברתי ... אהרן שמואל בלא"א ... ר' משה שלום זצ"ל מק"ק קרעמניץ, אשר בו יתבאר מהות הנשמה ומקורה וסבת ירידתה בעה"ז ומה תכליתה ובמה יזכה נער את את[!] ארחו להשיג אורחות חיים ובאיך ומה יעשה האדם להפיק רצון בוראו. גם ענין עה"ב ושכר ועונש ... הכל בנוי ומשוכלל על מקראי קדש ומארז"ל ...

עם ההסכמות שבהוצאה הראשונה.

   EJ; JE; Michael, Or ha-Hayyim, No. 318; Vin Wilhermsdorf 165; CD-EPI 0107684
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Listing Classification
18th Century:    Checked
Germany:    Checked
Other:    Ethics
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica