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Bidding Information
Lot #    9151
Auction End Date    1/11/2005 3:51:00 PM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Shevut Ya'akov
Title (Hebrew)    ספר שאלות ותשובת שבות יעקב
Author    [First Ed.] R. Jacob Reischer
City    Halle
Publisher    Moses b. Abraham
Publication Date    1709
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   First edition. [2], 81, 13 ff., 294:177 mm., wide margins, light age staining, stamps. A very good copy bound in later half leather and cloth boards, rubbed.
   R. Jacob b. Joseph Reischer (also known as Jacob Backofen; c. 1670–1733), was born in Prague, R. Reischer studied under R. Aaron Simeon Spira, rabbi of Prague, and was known as a prodigy in his early youth. Afterward he studied under R. Spira's son, R. Benjamin Wolf Spira, av bet din of the Prague community and rabbi of Bohemia, whose son-in-law he subsequently became. His brothers-in-law were R. Elijah Spira and R. David Oppenheim. R. Reischer's surname, borne by his grandfather and uncles (see introduction to his Minhat Ya'akov), derives from the fact that his family came from Rzeszow, Poland, and not, as has been erroneously stated, because he served as rabbi of that town. While still young, he became dayyan of the "great bet din of Prague." He was appointed av bet din of Ansbach, capital of Bavaria, and head of its yeshivah in 1709, and in 1715 av bet din of Worms. There, students flocked to him from all parts of Europe. He had, however, opponents who persecuted him. About 1718, he was appointed av bet din and head of the yeshivah of the important community of Metz. There, too, he did not find peace. He related that in 1728 "malicious men, as hard as iron, who hated me without cause, set upon me with intent to destroy me by a false libel, to have me imprisoned." His first work, Minhat Ya'akov, was published, while he was still young, in Prague in 1689. In the course of time he was accepted by contemporary rabbis as a final authority (Shevut Ya'akov, vol. 1, no. 28; vol. 3, no. 61), and problems were addressed to him from the whole Diaspora, e.g., Italy, and also from Erez Israel (ibid., vol. 1, nos. 93 and 99). He made a point of defending the rishonim from the criticism of later writers, and endeavored to justify the Shulhan Arukh against its critics. But there were also those, particularly among the Sephardi rabbis of Jerusalem, who openly censured his habit of criticizing rishonim and aharonim (ibid., vol. 1, no. 22), and criticized him in their works. His replies to these criticisms were not always couched in moderate language (see Lo Hibbit Aven be-Ya'akov). The main target of his criticism was R. Joseph b. David of Breslau, author of Hok Yosef (Amsterdam, 1730). R. Jacob's only remaining son, R. Simeon, av bet din of Danzig, died in 1715.

R. Reischer was the author of the following works: Minhat Ya'akov (Prague, 1689), part 1 is an exposition of the Torat ha-Hattat of Moses Isserles, and part 2, entitled Torat ha-Shelamim, is an exposition of Hilkhot Niddah of the Shulhan Arukh together with expositions and supplements to the Kunteres ha-Sefekot of R. Shabbetai b. Meir ha-Kohen and responsa; a second edition, entitled Solet le-Minhah ve-Shemen le-Minhah (Dessau, 1696), contained the glosses of his son, R. Simeon; Hok le-Ya'akov, novellae and expositions on Hilkhot Pesah of the Shulhan Arukh, subsequently included in the large edition of the Shulhan Arukh; Shevut Ya'akov, responsa in three parts, part 1 (Halle, 1710) also contains "Pe'er Ya'akov," the residue of his novellae on the Talmud which were destroyed by fire in 1689, part 2 (Offenbach, 1711) contains a revised edition of the laws of migo and sefek sefeka ("double doubt"), which had been published separately in Prague in 1689, and part 3 (Metz, 1789) contains his "Lo Hibbit Aven be-Ya'akov," a reply to the attacks on his first works; Iyyun Ya'akov (Wilhelmsdorf, 1729) is a commentary on the aggadot in Ein Ya'akov of R. Jacob ibn Habib, and on Avot.

Paragraph 2    אשר חבר ... ר' יעקב נר"ו בן ... ר' יוסף (רישר) נר"ו חתן ... ר' (בנימין) וואלף (שפירא) נר"ו אב"ד דמדינת פיהם ... ונתקבל לאב"ד ור"מ בק"ק רישא וגם מצודתו פרוסה לאב"ד ור"מ בכל מדינת אנשבך ... ואיתן מושבו בק"ק פראג ... ומופלא שבב"ד מו"ש [מורה שווה] בני ישיבה דק"ק (פראג) הנ"ל.

הסכמות: ר' דוד ב"ר אברהם אפנהיים, פראג, יב טבת תס"ט; - [חלק א] ר' בנימן וואלף בהגאון הרא"ש [ר' אהרן שמעון] שפירא, [פראג], כד שבט [תס"ח]; - [חלק א] ר' נפתלי הכהן, ורנקוורט דמיין, כא סיון תס"ט. - [חלק א] [חלק א]: (לבסוף [הספר נדפסו] חידושי הש"ס והתוס' ... בשם פאר יעקב). האלי, דפוס משה בר אברהם, תס"ט - (ת"ע). [2], פ[א]; יג דף. #2. בשער: לפרט הוא יבחר לנו' [צ"ל: לנו] את' ג'א'ו'ן' יעקב' אשר אהב סלה [תס"ט]. בהקדמת המדפיס (דף [2,ב]: בשנת והושבתם לבדכם בקרב הארץ ב'א'ז'נ'י' ה' צבאות' [ת"ע]. הסכמות: תס"ט. דף [2,א]:דברי ... אביו של המחבר לכבוד בנו (עם חרוזים). יג דף בסוף: פאר יעקב. קצת חידושי ברכות (ב"ק, כתובות, גיטין). סי' לט: שאלה ותשובה ... להגאון ... ר' דוד אפנהיים. "מהדורא בתרא" לחלק זה נדפסה בחלק ב.

   CD-EPI 0167841; EJ
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Listing Classification
18th Century:    Checked
Germany:    Checked
Responsa:    Checked
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica