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Bidding Information
Lot #    34694
Start Date    1/1/1900 (mm/dd/yyyy)
End Date    7/17/2012 10:00:00 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Estimated Price    $35000 - $45000
          
Current Bid    No bids have been made
Reserve    Has not been met
Minimum Bid    $10.00 View bid increment schedule
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Title Information
Title (English)    Talmud Bavli, Tractate
Title (Hebrew)    ,
Author    [First Ed. - Ms. Notes - Haggadah] HIDA
City    Venice
Publisher    Daniel Bomberg
Publication Date    1529
          
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
          
Description Information
Physical
Description
   112 ff., 368:244 mm., wide margins, light age and damp staining, old hands, few minor wormholes. A very good copy bound in modern full leather over boards, beautifully tooled in blind. Not washed or laundered!
          
Detailed
Description
   The Babylonian Talmud of the first tractate in the Mishnah order of Kodashim, Zevahim (Animal Sacrifices). It also has the alternate name Shehitat Kodashim ("The Slaughter of Sacrificial Animals") in the Talmud (BM 109b, etc.) and deals almost exclusively with the regulations for the slaughter of animals and birds for the Temple worship. The tractate consists of 14 chapters in the Mishnah and 13 in the Tosefta. Daniel Bomberg, the son of an Antwerp merchant, can be referred to as the father of the printed Babylonian Talmud. Indeed, among his many accomplishments are the first printing of Babylonian Talmud (1520-23) and the Jerusalem Talmud (1522-23, a beautiful copy in this auction), the first Mikraot Gedolot (1515-17), the first Alfas (1522), the first Kariate printed book (1528-29). Why the Christian (Calvinist) Bomberg printed Hebrew books is a subject of many bibliographers articles. He was associated with Felice da Prato, an apostate who subsequently became a friar, who influenced him to print Hebrew books. Israel Mehlman assumes that proselytism played a role in the process, albeit a small one. The activities of Bomberg on behalf of the Jewish community were not limited by printing. The British Jewish historian, Cecil Roth, writes that Bomberg helped Marranos find refuge in Turkey. He is recorded as having fought for and obtained certain rights for his Jewish workers denied other Venetian Jews. For a detailed, in-depth review of the Bomberg Talmud see Printing the Talmud, Prof. Marvin J. Heller, Im Hasefer, Brooklyn, 1992, pages 135-182. For all his righteousness Bomberg nevertheless appears to have plagiarized much of the text for his Talmud from the Gershom Soncino tractates. Soncino complains in his Mikhlol that the Venetian printers copied his editions (Heller p. 145). Support for his complaint can be found in the errors Bomberg duplicated from Soncino tractates. Ephraim Dienard best describes the rarity of the tractates in the late 19th and early 20th century (Atikos Yehudah p. 42): I doubt the existence of greater than three complete sets in the world. The tractates utilized in yeshivot were torn and lost. Especially rare to find are complete volumes of the following tractates: Berakhot, Bezah, Sabbath, Chagigah, Gittin, Kiddushin, Ketubbot, the three Bavaos. The majority of tractates in Jewish Theological Seminary (New York), Hebrew Union College (Cincinnati), University of California in San Francisco, Library of Congress are of my doing, complete ones not to be found. Needless to say conditions have not improved in the 21st century, the Holocaust and Jewish perils have only added to the scarcity of these volumes.
          
Reference
Description
   EJ; Heller, Printing the Talmud, p. 241; Vinograd, Venice 138; Habermann, Bomberg 127
        
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Listing Classification
Period
16th Century:    Checked
  
Location
Italy:    Checked
  
Subject
Other:    Talmud
  
Characteristic
Language:    Hebrew
  
Manuscript Type
Other:    Notes
  
Kind of Judaica