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Lot #    34695
Start Date    1/1/1900 (mm/dd/yyyy)
End Date    7/17/2012 10:00:30 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Estimated Price    $2000 - $4000
Current Bid    $400.00 by sams View bidding history
Reserve    Has not been met
Minimum Bid    $430.00 View bid increment schedule
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Title Information
Title (English)    Magen Geborim
Title (Hebrew)    מגן גבורים
Author    [Only Ed.- The R. David Pardo Copy]
City    Livorno (Leghorn)
Publisher    Gio. Vincenzio Falorni
Publication Date    1781
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   Only edition. 4, 136, 139-153 ff., folio, 272:185 mm., nice margins, light age staining, inscriptions on title. A very good copy bound in later half cloth boards, rubbed.
Paragraph 1    The R. David b. Jacob Pardo copy (1718–1790), rabbinical author and poet. Born in Venice, he went to Sarajevo for a time as a result of a dispute over an inheritance, and from there to Spalato, in Dalmatia. From approximately 1738 he was a teacher of children, at the same time studying under the local rabbi, R. Abraham David Papo. Eventually R. Pardo was appointed rabbi of the town. From 1760 he was rabbi of Sarajevo. From 1776 to 1782 he traveled to Erez Israel, settling in Jerusalem where he served as head of the yeshiva Hesed le-Avraham u-Vinyan Shelomo. R. Pardo was regarded as one of Jerusalem's great rabbis. Of his many works his series of commentaries and novellae on tannaitic literature are especially original. His first work was Shoshannim le-David (Venice, 1752), a commentary on the Mishnah. The somewhat sharp language he employed in the first part in criticizing contemporary scholars gave rise to friction between him and R. David Corinaldi and R. Mas'ud Rokeah in Leghorn. But after he mitigated his language in the second part and published an apology, a reconciliation took place.

R. Pardo's Hasdei David (Leghorn, 1776–90; Jerusalem, 1890) on the Tosefta is considered the most important commentary on this work (the portion on Tohorot, the manuscript of which is in the National Library of Jerusalem, has not been published). He completed the work in Jerusalem on his 68th birthday. Portions of it were published in the Romm Vilna edition of the Talmud with the text of the Tosefta. Similarly, his Sifrei de-Vei Rav (Salonika, 1799), which he commenced in 1786 and was published by his son Abraham after his death, is the most important commentary on the Sifrei. In it he makes use of commentaries of R. Hillel b. Eliakim, R. Solomon ibn Okhana, and R. Eliezer ibn Nahum, all of which he had in manuscript. Other works he wrote are Mikhtam le-David (Salonika, 1772), halakhic decisions and responsa; Maskil le-David (Venice, 1761), a supercommentary on Rashi's biblical commentary; La-Menazze'ah le-David (Salonika, 1765), on those talmudic passages where alternative explanations are given; Mizmor le-David (Leghorn, 1818), notes on the Perot Ginnosar of R. Hezekiah da Silva and R. Hayyim ibn Attar on Shulhan Arukh, Even ha-Ezer. R. Pardo's liturgical poems and prayers are included in the Sephardi daily and festival prayer books. His arrangement of the Avodah for the Day of Atonement, which was adopted in the Sephardi rite, appeared in his Shifat Revivim (Leghorn, 1788).

Of his sons, R. Jacob Pardo became chief rabbi of Ragusa and died in Jerusalem. He was a noted talmudist and well versed in Kabbalah. His chief works were Kohelet Ya'akov (Venice, 1784), a commentary on the early prophets; Appe Zutre (ibid., 1797), on Hilkhot Ishut of the Shulhan Arukh Even ha-Ezer, and Minhat Aharon (ibid., 1809), which deals mainly with the laws of prayer. A second son, R. Isaac, was rabbi of Sarajevo, while a third, R. Abraham, who married the daughter of R. H. J. D. Azulai, became head of the yeshivah Hesed le-Avraham u-Vinyan Shelomo after his father-in-law's death. R. Pardo's disciples included R. Shabbetai b. Abraham Ventura, who succeeded him as rabbi of Spalato, R. David Pinto, and R. Abraham Penso.

   Novellae on tractate Baba Metzia by R. Eliezer b. Samuel de Avila (known from the initials of his name as "Rav Adda"; 1714–1761), Moroccan rabbinical scholar; son of Samuel Avila, born in Sale, Morocco. His commentaries on the Talmud, written while he was still a youth, are noteworthy for their acumen and independence. His works, published posthumously, are Magen Gibborim, on the Talmud (2 vols., Leghorn, 1781–85); Milhemet Mitzvah, also on the Talmud (Leghorn, 1805) and including sermons entitled Hesed ve-Emet; Be'er Mayim Hayyim, responsa (Leghorn, 1806); Ma'yan Gannim, on the Turim. Another part of his responsa, entitled She'elot u-Teshuvot de-Rav Adda, and a work on the Bible, remain in manuscript. His responsa are a valuable source of information on the condition of the Jews of Morocco in the 18th century. He died in Rabat. To this day the Jews of Morocco go on pilgrimage to his grave.
Paragraph 2    ... בפלפולא חריפתא ... נחלת ... הרב ... ר' אליעזר די אבילה זצוק"ל ...
   CD-EPI 0119915; Vinograd, Leghorn 168 (wrong pagination); EJ
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Listing Classification
18th Century:    Checked
Italy:    Checked
Novellae:    Checked
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Other:    Notes
Kind of Judaica